Social Justice and the Poor farmers
It is the policy of the State to pursue a Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (CARP). The welfare of the landless farmers and farm workers will receive the highest consideration to promote social justice and to move the nation towards sound rural development and industrialization, and the establishment of owner cultivatorship of economic-sized farms as the basis of Philippine agriculture.
regardless of crops or fruits produced. such as production or profit-sharing. Agrarian Reform(Land Reform) means the redistribution of lands. irrespective of tenurial arrangement. . to farmers and regular farm workers who are landless. labor administration. to include the totality of factors and support services designed to lift the economic status of the beneficiaries and all other arrangements alternative to the physical redistribution of lands. and the distribution of shares of stock which will allow beneficiaries to receive a just share of the fruits of the lands they work.
A basic problem of society 3. 2. Basically a question of land distribution & utilization .The Philippine Agrarian Problem 1. Two important dimensions: land & the people. agricultural & social. productivity & human rights.
Basically. universal but limited Land is necessary for all human beings & everybody has the right to use land for his survival . .The Agrarian Problem 3. The right to own property. a question of land distribution & utilization. The right to use is given to all individuals but the matter to be used is limited & the number of users unlimited.
Social classes b. Pre-Spanish land situation a. Muslims b. shifting cultivators 3. Historico-Political Survey of the Agrarian Problems 1. those with sedentary culture 4. Land patterns: ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ 1. tribal hunters & gatherers 2. Social classes .
Encomienda system b. Early rebellions d. Philippine revolution . Conflicts over land tenureship e. Friar lands f. Rise of the cacique class c.Spanish Period Land Situation 2. Land tenancy under Spain: a.
Peasant rebellions & opposition e. Purchase of friar lands c. 4113) . Land Tenure Situation Under the American Regime a. Rice Share Tenancy Act ( Act No. Sugar Cane Tenancy contracts Act (Act No. 4050) f. Actual increase in tenancy rate b. Homesteading d.
gave more protection to tenants. Commonwealth Act No.Commonwealth Period: a. 213 – regulated legitimate labor organizations c. Commonwealth Act no.461.& 608. 103 – created the Court of Industrial Relations b.178. Commonwealth Acts. Orderly settlement of virgin agricultural lands begun by the National Land Settlement Administration .
Effects of Japanese Occupation: Effects of Japanese Occupation The Japanese occupation of the Philippines from 1941 to 1945 had a tremendous impact on the agrarian issue From the ranks of the peasant & labor organizations & from the merger of the Communist Party of the Philippines & Socialist Party rose the Hukbong Magpapalaya sa Bayan ( HUKBALAHAP) .
Land resettlement as a solution d.A. 1400) c. Amendments to the Agricultural Land Reform Code ( R. Agricultural Tenancy Act of 1954 ( Ra No. 3844) e. Land Reform Act of 1955 (Ra No. The Agricultural Land Reform Code of 1963 ( RA No. 6389) f. Agrarian Reform Special Fund Act ( RA 6369) .Post War Attempts at Agrarian Reform : a. 1199 b.
Presidential Decree No.Under Martial Law & 1973 Constitution: 1.declaring the entire Philippines as land reform area 2. Presidential Decree No. 27 – “emancipating the tenant-farmers from the bondage of the soil” . 2.
229 providing for the mechanisms 2. the Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law of 1988 . 131 instituting a Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program (Carp) & EO No. President Aquino signed Proclamation No. 129-A :Department of Agrarian Reform The primary governing law on agrarian reform at present is Republic Act 6657.Under the 1987 Constitution: 1. She issued EO No.
Land reform would increase production 2. It would provide for the capital needed to industrialize 3. It would correct the present imbalance in our society 5. Land reform is the answer to the communist challenge 4. Imperatives of Agrarian Reform: 1. It would make democracy truly meaningful to our people .
Fragmentation of farm-holdings Small farms uneconomic Small landholdings included Agrarian reform failed in the past . 4. 3. 2. Objections to Agrarian Reform: 1.
Companion measures: Credit & modern & better methods of production Creation & development of new social institutions to assist the farmers.Components of Agrarian Reform: 1. Land distribution – most effective way of providing security of tenure to tillers of the soil . 2. .
3844 as amended Beneficiaries under the Code: 1. . Agricultural wage earners or farm workers 3. Settlers including migrant workers. Owner-cultivators of less than family sized farms. 4. The Code of Agrarian Reforms (RA No. Tenanted farmers 2.
2. Tenanted areas Landed estates Old settlements Proposed settlements . 4. 3.The Code of Agrarian Reform Code: 1.
27): Under this decree there is no more leasehold in tenanted rice & corn lands .The Tenants Emancipation Decree (PD No. the tiller becomes automatically the amortizing owner of the land Beneficiaries are the bona fide tenantfarmers of private agricultural lands primarily devoted to rice & corn under the lease tenancy system Every family should own an economic familysized farm Retention limit.7 hectares .
dismissal or layoff . Bill of Rights for Agricultural Labor: 1. boycott 3. Right to self-organization 2. death or illness 7. Right to minimum wage 4. Right to engage in concerted activities like strike. Right to compensation for personal injuries. picketing. Right against suspension. Right to work for not more than 8 hours 5. Right to claim damages for death or injuries sustained while at work 6.