Ch12 - Substantive Audit Testing Expenditure Cycle

Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle MULTIPLE CHOICE: 1. Auditor confirmation of accounts payable balances at the balance sheet date may be unnecessary because a. This is a duplication of cutoff tests. b. Accounts payable balances at the balance sheet date may not be paid before the audit is completed. c. Correspondence with the audit client's attorney will reveal all legal action by vendors for nonpayment. d. There is likely to be other reliable external evidence to support the balances. ANSWER: D 2. What form of analytical review might uncover the existence of obsolete merchandise? a. Inventory turnover rates. b. Decrease in the ratio of gross profit to sales. c. Ratio of inventory to accounts payable. d. Comparison of inventory values to purchase invoices. ANSWER: 3. A weakness in internal accounting control over recording retirements of equipment may cause the auditor to a. Inspect certain items of equipment in the plant and trace those items to the accounting records. b. Review the subsidiary ledger to ascertain whether depreciation was taken on each item of equipment during the year. c. Trace additions to the "other assets" account to search for equipment that is still on hand but no longer being used. d. Select certain items of equipment from the accounting records and locate them in the plant. ANSWER: 4. A D When auditing inventories of raw materials, purchased parts, and/or merchandise inventory, the auditor's most effective means for evaluating the valuation assertion is to a. Examine recent invoices from vendors, along with freight bills and compare with client's unit costs, as adjusted for freight and discount. 194 195 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle b. c. d. Compare purchases with prior year and with industry averages and account for significant fluctuations. Trace quantities from tags or count sheets to final inventory listings. Scan inventory listings for large extended amounts, and trace related quantities to auditor's copy of the inventory tag or listing. ANSWER: 5. The auditor tests the quantity of materials charged to work in process by tracing these quantities to a. Cost ledgers. b. Perpetual inventory records. c. Receiving reports. d. Material requisitions. ANSWER: 6. C Which of the following accounts would most likely be reviewed by the auditor to gain reasonable assurance that additions to the equipment account are not understated? a. Repairs and maintenance expense. b. Depreciation expense. c. Gain on disposal of equipment. d. Accounts payable. ANSWER: 8. D The most effective means for the auditor to determine whether a recorded intangible asset possesses the characteristics of an asset is to a. Vouch the purchase by reference to underlying documentation. b. Inquire as to the status of patent applications. c. Evaluate the future revenue-producing capacity of the intangible asset. d. Analyze research and development expenditures to determine that only those expenditures possessing future economic benefit have been capitalized. ANSWER: 7. A A The most significant audit step in substantiating additions to the office furniture account balance is a. Examination of vendors' invoices and receiving reports for current year's acquisitions. Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle b. c. d. Review of transactions near the balance sheet date for proper period cutoff. Calculation of ratio of depreciation expense to gross office equipment cost. Comparison to prior year's acquisitions. ANSWER: 9. A The probability of a significant idle capacity loss increases under which of the following conditions? a. Sales and production have increased significantly during the period under audit. b. Sales have declined somewhat, but production has remained constant in anticipation of a sales recovery in the following accounting period. c. Sales and production have declined materially during the period under audit. d. The client has increased its overhead absorption rate effective at the beginning of the following accounting period. ANSWER: 11. A Instead of taking a physical inventory count on the balance sheet date, the client may take physical counts prior to the year end if internal controls are adequate and a. Computerized records of perpetual inventory are maintained. b. Inventory is slow moving. c. CBIS error reports are generated for missing pre-numbered inventory tickets. d. Obsolete inventory items are segregated and excluded. ANSWER: 10. 196 C Which of the following is not one of the independent auditor's objectives regarding the audit of inventories? a. Verifying that inventory counted is owned by the client. b. Verifying that the client has used proper inventory pricing. c. Ascertaining the physical quantities of inventory on hand. d. Verifying that all inventory owned by the client is on hand at the time of the count. 197 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle ANSWER: 12. An auditor is verifying the existence of newly acquired fixed assets recorded in the accounting records. Which of the following is the best evidence to help achieve this objective? a. Documentary support obtained by vouching entries to subsidiary records and invoices. b. Physical examination of a sample of newly recorded fixed assets. c. Oral evidence obtained by discussions with operating management. d. Documentary support obtained by reviewing titles and tax returns. ANSWER: 13. B The auditor's primary means of obtaining corroboration of management's information concerning litigation is a a. Letter of audit inquiry to the client's lawyer. b. Letter of corroboration from the auditor's lawyer upon review of the legal documentation. c. Confirmation of claims and assessments from the other parties to the litigation. d. Confirmation of claims and assessments from an officer of the court presiding over the litigation. ANSWER: 14. D A Which of the following audit procedures is not designed primarily to test for the correctness of purchases and sales cutoff? a. Observe shipping and receiving areas during physical inventory observation and relate goods to the last receipt and shipment for the year. Determine that these are the final entries in the purchases and sales records for the year. b. Examine sales and purchases invoices for a few days before and after year end. Compare with dates of receipt and shipment and with freight terms to determine that the transactions were recorded in the proper accounting period. c. Record last document numbers (sales invoice, voucher, check, receiving report) for the year and relate to goods in shipping and receiving areas at year end. Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle d. Trace client's unit costs to the auditor's copies of audited price lists. ANSWER: 15. 198 D The accuracy of perpetual inventory records may be established in part by comparing perpetual inventory records with a. Purchase requisitions. b. Receiving reports. c. Purchase orders. d. Vendor payments. ANSWER: B 16. An auditor's observation of physical inventories at the main plant at year-end would provide direct evidence to support which of the following objectives? a. Accuracy of the priced out inventory. b. Evaluation of lower of cost or market test. c. Identification of obsolete or damaged merchandise to evaluate allowance for obsolescence. d. Determination of goods on consignment at another location. ANSWER: 17. When auditing merchandise inventory at year end, the auditor performs a purchase cutoff test to obtain evidence that a. All goods purchased before year end are received before the physical inventory count. b. No goods held on consignment for customers are included in the inventory balance. c. No goods observed during the physical count are pledged or sold. d. All goods owned at year end are included in the inventory balance. ANSWER: 18. C D Which of the following would be the best procedure to determine whether purchases were properly authorized? a. Discuss authorization procedures with personnel in the controller's and purchasing functions. b. Review and evaluate a flowchart of purchasing procedures. 199 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle c. d. Determine whether a sample of entries in the purchase journal is supported by properly executed purchase orders. Vouch payments for selected purchases to supporting receiving reports. ANSWER: C 19. In a manufacturing company, which one of the following audit procedures would give the least assurance of the valuation of inventory at the audit date? a. Testing the computation of standard overhead rates. b. Examining paid vendors' invoices. c. Reviewing direct labor rates. d. Obtaining confirmation of inventories pledged under loan agreements. ANSWER: 20. In conducting a search for unrecorded liabilities, the auditor should do all but the following: a. Examine paid invoices for a short period following the balance sheet date and trace to client's year-end adjustment for unrecorded liabilities. b. Examine unpaid invoices for a short period following the balance sheet date and trace to client's year-end adjustment for unrecorded liabilities. c. Examine prior year's audit workpapers to ascertain that adjustments for unrecorded liabilities have not been overlooked. d. Examine invoices paid a few days prior to the balance sheet date. ANSWER: 21. D D An attorney responding to an auditor as a result of the client's letter of audit inquiry may appropriately limit the response to a. Items which have high probability of being resolved to the client's detriment. b. Asserted claims and pending or threatened litigation. c. Legal matters subject to unsettled points of law, uncorroborated information, or other complex judgments. d. Matters to which the attorney has given substantive attention in the form of legal consultation or representation. Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle ANSWER: 22. 200 D Which of the following errors is most likely to be detected by examining unrecorded expenditure invoices on randomly selected dates during the month after fiscal year-end? a. Sales are overstated for the current month. b. Expenses are overstated for the fiscal year just ended. c. Accounts payable are understated at fiscal year end. d. Accounts payable are overstated at fiscal year end. ANSWER: C 23. Patentex developed a new secret formula which is of great value because it resulted in a virtual monopoly. Patentex has capitalized all research and development costs associated with this formula. Greene, CPA, who is examining this account, will probably a. Confer with management regarding transfer of the amount from the balance sheet to the income statement. b. Confirm that the secret formula is registered and on file with the county clerk's office. c. Confer with management regarding a change in the title of the account to "goodwill." d. Confer with management regarding ownership of the secret formula. ANSWER: 24. In auditing inventories, a major objective relates to the existence assertion. Of the following audit procedures relating to inventories, which does not support the existence assertion? a. The auditor observes the client's inventory and performs test counts as appropriate. b. The auditor confirms inventories not on the premises. c. The auditor performs a lower of cost or market test for major categories of inventory. d. The auditor reviews the client's inventory-taking instructions for such matters as proper arrangement of goods, separation of consigned goods, and limits on movements of goods during inventory. ANSWER: 25. A C When perpetual inventory records are maintained in 201 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle quantities and in dollars, and internal accounting control over inventory is weak, the auditor would probably a. Want the client to schedule the physical inventory count at the end of the year. b. Insist that the client perform physical counts of inventory items several times during the year. c. Increase the extent of tests for unrecorded liabilities at the end of the year. d. Have to disclaim an opinion on the income statement for that year. ANSWER: 26. A In auditing plant assets and accumulated depreciation for proper valuation, the auditor should do all except the following: a. Recalculate depreciation expense on a test basis. b. Physically inspect major plant assets additions. c. Vouch major additions by reference to underlying documentation. d. Vouch repairs and maintenance expense on a test basis. ANSWER: B 27. The primary reason an auditor requests letters of inquiry be sent to a client's attorneys is to provide the auditor with a. A description and evaluation of litigation, claims, and assessments that existed at the date of the balance sheet. b. An expert opinion as to whether a loss is possible, probable, or remote. c. The opportunity to examine the documentation concerning litigation, claims, and assessments. d. Corroboration of the information furnished by management concerning litigation, claims, and assessments. ANSWER: D 28. To verify the proper value of costs charged to real property records for improvements to the property, the best source of evidence would be: a. Inspection by the auditor of real property improvements. b. A letter signed by the real property manager asserting the propriety of costs incurred. Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle c. d. Original invoices supporting entries into the accounting records. A comparison of billed amounts to contract estimates. ANSWER: 29. 202 C When auditing contingent liabilities, which of the following procedures would be least effective? a. Reading the minutes of the board of directors. b. Reviewing the bank confirmation letter. c. Examining customer confirmation replies. d. Examining invoices for professional services. ANSWER: C 30. An auditor should obtain evidential matter relevant to all the following factors concerning third-party litigation against a client except the a. Period in which the underlying cause for legal action occurred. b. Probability of an unfavorable outcome. c. Jurisdiction in which the matter will be resolved. d. Existence of a situation indicating an uncertainty as to the possible loss. ANSWER: 31. Purchase cutoff procedures should be designed to test whether or not all inventory a. Purchased and received before the end of the year was paid for. b. Ordered before the end of the year was received. c. Purchased and received before the end of the year was recorded. d. Owned by the company is in the possession of the company at the end of the year. ANSWER: 32. C C Which of the following accounts would contain the best data for an auditor performing an analytical review to evaluate the reasonableness of the annual payroll? a. Payroll taxes expense. b. Payroll taxes withheld. c. Sales and cost of goods sold. d. United Way payable and credit union payable. 203 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle ANSWER: 33. A When there are few property and equipment transactions during the year, the continuing auditor usually makes a a. Complete review of the related internal controls and assesses control risk relative to them. b. Complete review of the related internal controls and performs analytical review tests to verify current year additions to property and equipment. c. Preliminary review of the related internal controls and performs a thorough examination of the balances at the beginning of the year. d. Preliminary review of the related internal controls and performs extensive tests of current year property and equipment transactions. ANSWER: D 34. An audit procedure applicable to testing the year-end cutoff of liabilities is a. Tracing recorded liabilities to supporting documents. b. Preparing an aging schedule for accounts payable. c. Reviewing the general journal for unusual entries recorded immediately after year-end. d. Examining vendor invoices received subsequent to year-end for shipment date and terms of shipment. ANSWER: D 35. An auditor has accounted for a sequence of inventory tags and is now going to trace information on a representative number of tags to the physical inventory sheets. The purpose of this procedure is to obtain assurance that a. The final inventory is valued at cost. b. All inventory represented by an inventory tag is listed on the inventory sheets. c. All inventory represented by an inventory tag is bona fide. d. Inventory sheets do not include untagged inventory items. ANSWER: 36. B An auditor analyzes repairs and maintenance accounts primarily to obtain evidence in support of the audit Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle 204 assertion that all a. Non-capitalizable expenditures for repairs and maintenance have been properly charged to expense. b. Expenditures for property and equipment have not been charged to expense. c. Non-capitalizable expenditures for repairs and maintenance have been recorded in the proper period. d. Expenditures for property and equipment have been recorded in the proper period. ANSWER: 37. Unrecorded liabilities are most likely to be found during the review of which of the following documents? a. Unpaid bills. b. Shipping records. c. Bills of lading. d. Unmatched sales invoices. ANSWER: 38. B The auditor may conclude that depreciation charges are insufficient by noting a. Large amounts of fully depreciated assets. b. Continuous trade-ins of relatively new assets. c. Excessive recurring losses on assets retired. d. Insured values greatly in excess of book values. ANSWER: 40. A For manufactured inventories, the valuation assertion is best tested by a. Comparing unit prices with recent vendors' invoices. b. Tracing unit costs appearing on final inventory listings to auditor's copy of audited finished goods unit costs. c. Testing for purchases and sales cutoff. d. Inquiring as to inventory obsolescence. ANSWER: 39. B C To test the accuracy of the current year's depreciation charges, an auditor should rely most heavily on a. Vouching of the current year's fixed asset acquisitions. b. Comparison of depreciation schedule detail with schedules supporting the federal income tax return. 205 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle c. d. Tracing of totals from the depreciation schedule to properly approved journal entries and ledger postings. Re-computation of depreciation for a sample of plant assets. ANSWER: D 41. The audit procedure of analyzing the repairs and maintenance accounts is primarily designed to provide evidence in support of the audit proposition that all a. Expenditures for fixed assets have been recorded in the proper period. b. Capital expenditures have been properly authorized. c. Non-capitalizable expenditures have been properly expensed. d. Expenditures for fixed assets have been capitalized. ANSWER: 42. An auditor might use several different procedures to test for the proper accounting for retirement of plant and equipment. Which of the following tests would be the most effective in providing evidence about the retirement of fixed assets? a. Analysis of debits to the accumulated depreciation account. b. Analysis of debits to the fixed asset account. c. Determination of whether fully depreciated assets still in use are included in the asset accounts. d. Examination of the cash account for unusual entries. ANSWER: 43. A The auditor is most likely to seek information from the plant manager with respect to the a. Adequacy of the provision for uncollectible accounts. b. Appropriateness of physical inventory observation procedures. c. Existence of obsolete machinery. d. Deferral of procurement of certain necessary insurance coverage. ANSWER: 44. D C In performing an audit on the existence of inventory contained in a warehouse, an auditor is primarily concerned with Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle a. b. c. d. Observing and testing the number of units on hand. Determining if the value of the inventory is reasonable. Identifying the ownership of the inventory. Locating slow moving items contained in inventory. ANSWER: 45. A Which of the following audit procedures would provide the least reliable evidence that the client has legal title to inventories? a. Confirmation of inventories at locations outside the client's facilities. b. Analytical review of inventory balances compared to purchasing and sales activities. c. Observation of physical inventory counts. d. Examination of paid vendors' invoices. ANSWER: 46. 206 B An auditor would most efficiently test for the misclassification of capital acquisitions as expenses by a. Taking a physical tour of plant facilities before starting an audit. b. Reviewing company capital acquisition policies with purchasing personnel. c. Tracing capital additions back to source documents. d. Scanning repair and maintenance records and investigating large dollar-value entries. ANSWER: D COMPLETION: 47. Inventory in transit from vendor to client should be added to the client's physical inventory provided the goods were shipped prior to year end and the transportation terms were F.O.B. . ANSWER: 48. SHIPPING POINT Inventory in transit from the client to customers should be excluded from the client's inventory provided the goods were shipped prior to year end and the transportation terms were F.O.B. . 207 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle ANSWER: 49. Goods were received prior to year end and included in the physical inventory. The purchase, however, was not recorded until the following accounting period. Net income, in this instance, was (overstated or understated). ANSWER: 50. RECOMPUTE (RECALCULATE) Examining documentation supporting major plant asset additions is commonly referred to as plant asset additions. ANSWER: 53. CLASSIFICATION The most effective means for evaluating the valuation assertion as it relates to depreciation expense is to depreciation on a test basis. ANSWER: 53. UNDERSTATED, SELLING PRICE The purpose for analyzing plant asset additions simultaneously with the repairs accounts is to detect material errors. ANSWER: 52. OVERSTATED Although goods were shipped prior to year end, and excluded from the ending inventory, the sale was not recorded until the following accounting period. Net income in this instance, was (overstated or understated) by the amount of the (selling price or gross profit) ANSWER: 51. SHIPPING POINT VOUCHING Just as plant asset accounts are audited simultaneously with repairs expense, the intangible asset accounts should be audited simultaneously with _________ ____ ___________ expense. In both cases, the objective is to detect errors. ANSWER: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT, CLASSIFICATION Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle 55. The letter of audit inquiry to the client's legal counsel is a form of . ANSWER: 56. 208 CONFIRMATION To gain assurance as to proper valuation of accruals, the auditor should them on a test basis. ANSWER: RECALCULATE (RECOMPUTE) MATCHING: 57. Match each of the listed objectives with the auditing procedure that best meets the objective. A. Inspect major additions on a test basis B. Examine paid and unpaid invoices for a short period following the balance sheet date C. Confirm inventories in public warehouses and goods out on consignment. D. Control auditor’s copies of inventory tags and account for all tag numbers, both used and unused. Trace to final inventory listings on final audit E. Recompute liabilities for product warranty, pensions, profit-sharing, bonuses, and vacation pay F. Test inventory for proper cutoff G. Note inventory condition during observation of the physical inventory, and perform inventory turnover tests as part of analytical procedures H. Relate intangible assets to revenue produced by them I. Vouch additions to intangible asset accounts J. Physically inspect intangible assets K. Vouch debits to property, plant, and equipment accounts _____1. Verify existence of inventories in distant warehouses _____2. Determine that inventories are owned by the client _____3. Verify existence of recorded plant asset acquisitions _____4. Determine that ordinary repairs have not been improperly capitalized _____5. Verify existence of recorded intangible assets _____6. Ascertain whether recorded intangible assets possess 209 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle future economic benefit _____7. Determine that all significant liabilities are reflected on the balance sheet _____8. Determine the reasonableness of management’s estimates relating to accrued liabilities _____9. Evaluate ending inventory balances for possible obsolescence _____10. Verify that client has not added nonexistent inventory after the physical inventory has been completed SOLUTION: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. C F A K I H B E G D PROBLEM/ESSAY: 58. Compact Computers, Inc. manufactures and sells personal computers through various retail distributors. The company took a physical inventory as of December 31, 2002 and adjusted its perpetual records to agree with the physical inventory, by debiting “Computers” and crediting “Cost of Goods Sold.” The following is a summary of postings to the “Computers” and “Cost of Goods Sold” accounts: COMPUTERS Debits 1/2/02 Balance 1/2-12/31/02 12/31/02 AJE 145,000 3,100,000 120,000 Credits 3,000,000 COST OF GOODS SOLD-COMPUTERS Debits Credits 1/2-12/31/02 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle 1/2/02-12/31/02 3,000,000 210 120,000 AJE 12/31/02 Compact sells all computers at cost plus 30% of cost. In auditing the finished goods inventory, Tracy Jordan obtained the following additional information: 1. Included in 2002 sales were 200 computers sold to Max Depot on 12/31/02 and shipped FOB shipping point. The computers were excluded from Compact’s 12/31/02 physical inventory and were received by Max Depot on 1/3/03. The selling price was $1,800 per computer. 2. Enroute to Compact Computers on 12/31/02 were 30 computers sold to Circuit Town in November and found to be defective. Compact Computers pays for freight charges on all returns. Although the computers were on Compact’s railroad siding on December 31, they were not included in the 12/31/02 physical inventory and the return was not recorded until 1/02/03. The computers were originally sold to Circuit Town for $2,100 each. With minor rework, the computers should be fully saleable again. The reimbursable freight charges paid by Circuit Town were $620. 3. Compact manufactured 200 computers to order under a private label for Rears & Sawbuck. The computers were completed on 12/28/02 and were placed in the loading area awaiting pickup by Rears & Sawbuck’s truck. The selling price of the computers was $1,900 each. The sale was recorded in 2003, and the computers were included in the 12/31/02 inventory. REQUIRED: a. Draft necessary audit adjustments based on the above information. b. Calculate the corrected amount of Compact’s 12/31/02 inventory of computers. SOLUTION: a. (1) No adjustment necessary. Title to goods passed on 12/31/02 inasmuch as freight terms were F.O.B. shipping point. Sales properly recorded and goods properly excluded from ending inventory. (2) Sales Returns and Allowances 63,000 211 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle Accounts receivable 63,000 Inventory of Computers 48,462 Cost of Goods Sold Transportation-in 620 Freight Payable To record return of computers not received until 2003, but for which title passed to Compact in 2002. (3) Accounts Receivable 380,000 Sales To record 2002 sale to Rears and Sawbuck erroneously recorded in 2003 Cost of Goods Sold Inventory of Computers To relieve inventory for sale of computers to Rears & Sawbuck. b. 48,462 620 380,000 292,308 292,308 Corrected balance in “Computers” inventory account 12/31/00: Balance per general ledger $500,000 Audit adjustment (2) 48,462 Audit adjustment (3) (292,308) 12/31/00: Audited balance $121,154 ======== 59. Genstone Pools Sells in-ground swimming pools and hot tubs. The company also installs the pools and tubs that it sells. Abe Booker, Gemstone’s controller, prepared the following adjusting journal entry at 9/30/03, the close of Gemstone’s fiscal year: 9/30/00 Pool Inventory 86,000 Tub Inventory 43,000 Office Supplies 3,500 Prepaid Insurance 14,200 Acounts Payable 74,000 To record the following year-end invoices from vendors: Acquatic Industries: Pools received 10/2/00, shipped by Acquatic on 9/29/00 FOB destination. $86,000 212 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle Sudsy Tubs, Inc.: 43,000 Hot tubs received 10/1/03. Shipped by vendor 9/29/03 FOB shipping point. Peerless Office Supplies: 3,500 Office supplies received in October; bill received in September but not recorded until October. Brooks Insurance: 14,200 Liability and casualty insurance for period 10/1/03-9/30/04. Samantha Brown, Gemstone’s independent auditor, examined October, 2003 vouchers and discovered the following charges: Date Recorded Amount 10/2/00 $5,000 10/2/00 $36,000 10/4/00 $12,200 10/6/00 $14,000 10/8/00 $15,400 a. Payee Explanation Foible & Fall Legal retainer for services not yet performed Vinyl, Inc. Pool liners shipped by vendor 9/29/00 FOB destination, received 10/1. Liners not included in Gemstone’s 9/30/00 inventory T&L Advertising Invoice for September media advertising Clark County Fiscal year 2003 real estate Treasurer taxes. Lien date 10/1/02. Hoskins Hard- Pool repair parts shipped to ware Supply Gemstone on 9/29 FOB shipping point. Received 10/2 and excluded from 9/30 physical inventory Record necessary audit adjustments. b. Identify other audit procedures Brown whould perform to satisfy herself that all accounts payable have been recorded as of 9/30/00. SOLUTION: a. AJE #1 213 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle Accounts Payable 86,000 Pool Inventory To reverse client adjustment recording inventory for which title did not pass until October. AJE #2 Accounts Payable Office Supplies To decrease office supplies for October purchase. 86,000 3,500 AJE #3 Advertising Expense 12,200 Real Estate Taxes 14,000 Repair Parts Inventory 15,400 Accounts Payable To adjust accounts payable for fiscal 2004 vouchers pertaining to fiscal 2003. 3,500 41,600 b. Other audit procedures: 1. Examine unvouchered invoices not yet processed by Gemstone for additional charges pertaining to fiscal 2003. 2. Examine last year’s audit adjustment for unrecorded liabilities to locate items possibly overlooked in the current year’s audit.
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Substantive Audit Testing

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MULTIPLE CHOICE: 1.

Expenditure Cycle

Auditor confirmation of accounts payable balances at the balance sheet date may be unnecessary because a. This is a duplication of cutoff tests. b. Accounts payable balances at the balance sheet date may not be paid before the audit is completed. c. Correspondence with the audit client's attorney will reveal all legal action by vendors for nonpayment. d. There is likely to be other reliable external evidence to support the balances. ANSWER: D What form of analytical review might uncover the existence of obsolete merchandise? a. Inventory turnover rates. b. Decrease in the ratio of gross profit to sales. c. Ratio of inventory to accounts payable. d. Comparison of inventory values to purchase invoices. ANSWER: A

2.

3.

A weakness in internal accounting control over recording retirements of equipment may cause the auditor to a. Inspect certain items of equipment in the plant and trace those items to the accounting records. b. Review the subsidiary ledger to ascertain whether depreciation was taken on each item of equipment during the year. c. Trace additions to the "other assets" account to search for equipment that is still on hand but no longer being used. d. Select certain items of equipment from the accounting records and locate them in the plant. ANSWER: D

4.

When auditing inventories of raw materials, purchased parts, and/or merchandise inventory, the auditor's most effective means for evaluating the valuation assertion is to a. Examine recent invoices from vendors, along with freight bills and compare with client's unit costs, as adjusted for freight and discount.

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Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure b. c. d. Compare purchases with prior year and with industry averages and account for significant fluctuations. Trace quantities from tags or count sheets to final inventory listings. Scan inventory listings for large extended amounts, and trace related quantities to auditor's copy of the inventory tag or listing. A

Cycle

ANSWER: 5.

The auditor tests the quantity of materials charged to work in process by tracing these quantities to a. Cost ledgers. b. Perpetual inventory records. c. Receiving reports. d. Material requisitions. ANSWER: D

6.

The most effective means for the auditor to determine whether a recorded intangible asset possesses the characteristics of an asset is to a. Vouch the purchase by reference to underlying documentation. b. Inquire as to the status of patent applications. c. Evaluate the future revenue-producing capacity of the intangible asset. d. Analyze research and development expenditures to determine that only those expenditures possessing future economic benefit have been capitalized. ANSWER: C

7.

Which of the following accounts would most likely be reviewed by the auditor to gain reasonable assurance that additions to the equipment account are not understated? a. Repairs and maintenance expense. b. Depreciation expense. c. Gain on disposal of equipment. d. Accounts payable. ANSWER: A

8.

The most significant audit step in substantiating additions to the office furniture account balance is a. Examination of vendors' invoices and receiving reports for current year's acquisitions.

196 Review of transactions near the balance sheet date for proper period cutoff. ANSWER: A 10. d. Computerized records of perpetual inventory are maintained. b. Instead of taking a physical inventory count on the balance sheet date. c. c. Verifying that all inventory owned by the client is on hand at the time of the count. c.Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle b. Obsolete inventory items are segregated and excluded. Ascertaining the physical quantities of inventory on hand. A ANSWER: 9. Calculation of ratio of depreciation expense to gross office equipment cost. but production has remained constant in anticipation of a sales recovery in the following accounting period. Which of the following is not one of the independent auditor's objectives regarding the audit of inventories? a. d. The client has increased its overhead absorption rate effective at the beginning of the following accounting period. c. Sales have declined somewhat. d. Verifying that the client has used proper inventory pricing. the client may take physical counts prior to the year end if internal controls are adequate and a. Verifying that inventory counted is owned by the client. . d. Comparison to prior year's acquisitions. b. b. CBIS error reports are generated for missing pre-numbered inventory tickets. Inventory is slow moving. ANSWER: C 11. The probability of a significant idle capacity loss increases under which of the following conditions? a. Sales and production have declined materially during the period under audit. Sales and production have increased significantly during the period under audit.

197 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle ANSWER: 12. Which of the following audit procedures is not designed primarily to test for the correctness of purchases and sales cutoff? a. Physical examination of a sample of newly recorded fixed assets. Compare with dates of receipt and shipment and with freight terms to determine that the transactions were recorded in the proper accounting period. ANSWER: B 13. Examine sales and purchases invoices for a few days before and after year end. c. d. Observe shipping and receiving areas during physical inventory observation and relate goods to the last receipt and shipment for the year. Documentary support obtained by vouching entries to subsidiary records and invoices. c. ANSWER: A 14. b. c. check. D An auditor is verifying the existence of newly acquired fixed assets recorded in the accounting records. . b. Determine that these are the final entries in the purchases and sales records for the year. The auditor's primary means of obtaining corroboration of management's information concerning litigation is a a. d. Oral evidence obtained by discussions with operating management. Letter of corroboration from the auditor's lawyer upon review of the legal documentation. b. Confirmation of claims and assessments from the other parties to the litigation. receiving report) for the year and relate to goods in shipping and receiving areas at year end. Which of the following is the best evidence to help achieve this objective? a. voucher. Record last document numbers (sales invoice. Confirmation of claims and assessments from an officer of the court presiding over the litigation. Documentary support obtained by reviewing titles and tax returns. Letter of audit inquiry to the client's lawyer.

ANSWER: B 16. Evaluation of lower of cost or market test. ANSWER: 17. The accuracy of perpetual inventory records may be established in part by comparing perpetual inventory records with a. the auditor performs a purchase cutoff test to obtain evidence that a. Receiving reports. Identification of obsolete or damaged merchandise to evaluate allowance for obsolescence. c. No goods observed during the physical count are pledged or sold. . ANSWER: D 18. Determination of goods on consignment at another location. b. b. No goods held on consignment for customers are included in the inventory balance. Discuss authorization procedures with personnel in the controller's and purchasing functions. Review and evaluate a flowchart of purchasing procedures. b. Purchase requisitions. All goods purchased before year end are received before the physical inventory count. Vendor payments. Which of the following would be the best procedure to determine whether purchases were properly authorized? a. Accuracy of the priced out inventory. c. All goods owned at year end are included in the inventory balance. Purchase orders. d.Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle d. b. c. d. Trace client's unit costs to the auditor's copies of audited price lists. C When auditing merchandise inventory at year end. D 198 ANSWER: 15. An auditor's observation of physical inventories at the main plant at year-end would provide direct evidence to support which of the following objectives? a. d.

D In conducting a search for unrecorded liabilities. d. ANSWER: D 21. Examining paid vendors' invoices. Examine paid invoices for a short period following the balance sheet date and trace to client's year-end adjustment for unrecorded liabilities. b. Examine prior year's audit workpapers to ascertain that adjustments for unrecorded liabilities have not been overlooked. C Cycle ANSWER: 19. . d. which one of the following audit procedures would give the least assurance of the valuation of inventory at the audit date? a. Testing the computation of standard overhead rates. ANSWER: 20.199 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure c. Items which have high probability of being resolved to the client's detriment. Obtaining confirmation of inventories pledged under loan agreements. Vouch payments for selected purchases to supporting receiving reports. d. Determine whether a sample of entries in the purchase journal is supported by properly executed purchase orders. In a manufacturing company. the auditor should do all but the following: a. c. Examine unpaid invoices for a short period following the balance sheet date and trace to client's year-end adjustment for unrecorded liabilities. b. Examine invoices paid a few days prior to the balance sheet date. c. Reviewing direct labor rates. Matters to which the attorney has given substantive attention in the form of legal consultation or representation. Asserted claims and pending or threatened litigation. d. or other complex judgments. c. Legal matters subject to unsettled points of law. b. An attorney responding to an auditor as a result of the client's letter of audit inquiry may appropriately limit the response to a. uncorroborated information.

ANSWER: 24. A In auditing inventories. When perpetual inventory records are maintained in . c. c." d. The auditor confirms inventories not on the premises. The auditor reviews the client's inventory-taking instructions for such matters as proper arrangement of goods. The auditor observes the client's inventory and performs test counts as appropriate. Confer with management regarding transfer of the amount from the balance sheet to the income statement. d. separation of consigned goods. Confirm that the secret formula is registered and on file with the county clerk's office. The auditor performs a lower of cost or market test for major categories of inventory. and limits on movements of goods during inventory. ANSWER: C 23. who is examining this account. Expenses are overstated for the fiscal year just ended. Confer with management regarding ownership of the secret formula. c. D Which of the following errors is most likely to be detected by examining unrecorded expenditure invoices on randomly selected dates during the month after fiscal year-end? a. will probably a. b. which does not support the existence assertion? a. Of the following audit procedures relating to inventories. a major objective relates to the existence assertion.Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle 200 ANSWER: 22. b. Sales are overstated for the current month. b. Greene. d. Confer with management regarding a change in the title of the account to "goodwill. Patentex developed a new secret formula which is of great value because it resulted in a virtual monopoly. CPA. Accounts payable are overstated at fiscal year end. Patentex has capitalized all research and development costs associated with this formula. Accounts payable are understated at fiscal year end. ANSWER: C 25.

the auditor should do all except the following: a. Vouch repairs and maintenance expense on a test basis. or remote. ANSWER: B 27. . probable. Corroboration of the information furnished by management concerning litigation. A letter signed by the real property manager asserting the propriety of costs incurred. Want the client to schedule the physical inventory count at the end of the year. ANSWER: D 28. To verify the proper value of costs charged to real property records for improvements to the property. the auditor would probably a. Increase the extent of tests for unrecorded liabilities at the end of the year. An expert opinion as to whether a loss is possible.201 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure quantities and in dollars. The opportunity to examine the documentation concerning litigation. claims. d. and assessments. d. b. claims. In auditing plant assets and accumulated depreciation for proper valuation. b. d. Inspection by the auditor of real property improvements. Vouch major additions by reference to underlying documentation. Physically inspect major plant assets additions. and internal accounting control over inventory is weak. b. Have to disclaim an opinion on the income statement for that year. c. b. The primary reason an auditor requests letters of inquiry be sent to a client's attorneys is to provide the auditor with a. Recalculate depreciation expense on a test basis. c. and assessments. A description and evaluation of litigation. c. ANSWER: A Cycle 26. claims. the best source of evidence would be: a. and assessments that existed at the date of the balance sheet. Insist that the client perform physical counts of inventory items several times during the year.

Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle c. Existence of a situation indicating an uncertainty as to the possible loss. b. C ANSWER: 29. ANSWER: C 30. Which of the following accounts would contain the best data for an auditor performing an analytical review to evaluate the reasonableness of the annual payroll? a. d. Probability of an unfavorable outcome. b. ANSWER: 31. Payroll taxes expense. c. Purchased and received before the end of the year was paid for. When auditing contingent liabilities. Jurisdiction in which the matter will be resolved. Owned by the company is in the possession of the company at the end of the year. ANSWER: C 32. Reading the minutes of the board of directors. which of the following procedures would be least effective? a. d. 202 Original invoices supporting entries into the accounting records. b. United Way payable and credit union payable. Reviewing the bank confirmation letter. d. c. Ordered before the end of the year was received. d. Purchased and received before the end of the year was recorded. An auditor should obtain evidential matter relevant to all the following factors concerning third-party litigation against a client except the a. Examining invoices for professional services. Period in which the underlying cause for legal action occurred. Examining customer confirmation replies. c. c. Sales and cost of goods sold. b. Payroll taxes withheld. d. C Purchase cutoff procedures should be designed to test whether or not all inventory a. . A comparison of billed amounts to contract estimates.

c. Complete review of the related internal controls and performs analytical review tests to verify current year additions to property and equipment. When there are few property and equipment transactions during the year. b. b. All inventory represented by an inventory tag is bona fide. d. d. Preliminary review of the related internal controls and performs extensive tests of current year property and equipment transactions. b. ANSWER: 36. An audit procedure applicable to testing the year-end cutoff of liabilities is a. Reviewing the general journal for unusual entries recorded immediately after year-end. B An auditor analyzes repairs and maintenance accounts primarily to obtain evidence in support of the audit . The final inventory is valued at cost. Inventory sheets do not include untagged inventory items. The purpose of this procedure is to obtain assurance that a. c. D An auditor has accounted for a sequence of inventory tags and is now going to trace information on a representative number of tags to the physical inventory sheets. Preliminary review of the related internal controls and performs a thorough examination of the balances at the beginning of the year.203 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure ANSWER: A Cycle 33. ANSWER: 35. ANSWER: D 34. All inventory represented by an inventory tag is listed on the inventory sheets. Preparing an aging schedule for accounts payable. Tracing recorded liabilities to supporting documents. c. d. Complete review of the related internal controls and assesses control risk relative to them. the continuing auditor usually makes a a. Examining vendor invoices received subsequent to year-end for shipment date and terms of shipment.

b. b. c. d. B Unrecorded liabilities are most likely to be found during the review of which of the following documents? a. the valuation assertion is best tested by a. Expenditures for property and equipment have been recorded in the proper period. b. Vouching of the current year's fixed asset acquisitions. c. c. d. To test the accuracy of the current year's depreciation charges. Comparison of depreciation schedule detail with schedules supporting the federal income tax return. ANSWER: 37. Unmatched sales invoices. Testing for purchases and sales cutoff. . For manufactured inventories. Continuous trade-ins of relatively new assets. Bills of lading. Non-capitalizable expenditures for repairs and maintenance have been recorded in the proper period. an auditor should rely most heavily on a. The auditor may conclude that depreciation charges are insufficient by noting a. ANSWER: B 39. Unpaid bills. Expenditures for property and equipment have not been charged to expense. Inquiring as to inventory obsolescence. d. Insured values greatly in excess of book values. Tracing unit costs appearing on final inventory listings to auditor's copy of audited finished goods unit costs. c. Comparing unit prices with recent vendors' invoices. Large amounts of fully depreciated assets.Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle 204 assertion that all a. b. d. Shipping records. b. Excessive recurring losses on assets retired. ANSWER: C 40. ANSWER: A 38. Non-capitalizable expenditures for repairs and maintenance have been properly charged to expense.

D Cycle ANSWER: 41. c. c. d. an auditor is primarily concerned with . ANSWER: C 44.205 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure c. b. D An auditor might use several different procedures to test for the proper accounting for retirement of plant and equipment. Appropriateness of physical inventory observation procedures. b. Tracing of totals from the depreciation schedule to properly approved journal entries and ledger postings. Capital expenditures have been properly authorized. ANSWER: 42. The audit procedure of analyzing the repairs and maintenance accounts is primarily designed to provide evidence in support of the audit proposition that all a. Expenditures for fixed assets have been recorded in the proper period. Analysis of debits to the accumulated depreciation account. d. Expenditures for fixed assets have been capitalized. b. Which of the following tests would be the most effective in providing evidence about the retirement of fixed assets? a. Non-capitalizable expenditures have been properly expensed. In performing an audit on the existence of inventory contained in a warehouse. Analysis of debits to the fixed asset account. Deferral of procurement of certain necessary insurance coverage. Determination of whether fully depreciated assets still in use are included in the asset accounts. Re-computation of depreciation for a sample of plant assets. d. d. The auditor is most likely to seek information from the plant manager with respect to the a. Examination of the cash account for unusual entries. Existence of obsolete machinery. Adequacy of the provision for uncollectible accounts. c. ANSWER: A 43.

SHIPPING POINT Inventory in transit from the client to customers should be excluded from the client's inventory provided the goods were shipped prior to year end and the transportation terms were F. ANSWER: D COMPLETION: 47. Analytical review of inventory balances compared to purchasing and sales activities. Identifying the ownership of the inventory. Which of the following audit procedures would provide the least reliable evidence that the client has legal title to inventories? a. b. Observing and testing the number of units on hand. c. An auditor would most efficiently test for the misclassification of capital acquisitions as expenses by a. b. ANSWER: 48. c. Taking a physical tour of plant facilities before starting an audit.B. A 206 ANSWER: 45. d. c.B. d. Confirmation of inventories at locations outside the client's facilities. Tracing capital additions back to source documents. .O. d. b.O. . Inventory in transit from vendor to client should be added to the client's physical inventory provided the goods were shipped prior to year end and the transportation terms were F. ANSWER: B 46. . Examination of paid vendors' invoices. Scanning repair and maintenance records and investigating large dollar-value entries. Locating slow moving items contained in inventory. Determining if the value of the inventory is reasonable.Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle a. Observation of physical inventory counts. Reviewing company capital acquisition policies with purchasing personnel.

the objective is to detect errors. Net income. The purchase. The most effective means for evaluating the valuation assertion as it relates to depreciation expense is to depreciation on a test basis. Examining documentation supporting major plant asset additions is commonly referred to as plant asset additions. CLASSIFICATION . however. was (overstated or understated) by the amount of the (selling price or gross profit) ANSWER: UNDERSTATED. was (overstated or understated). The purpose for analyzing plant asset additions simultaneously with the repairs accounts is to detect material errors. and excluded from the ending inventory. Net income in this instance. ANSWER: OVERSTATED 50. In both cases. ANSWER: RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT. ANSWER: RECOMPUTE (RECALCULATE) 53. ANSWER: CLASSIFICATION 52. SELLING PRICE 51. SHIPPING POINT Goods were received prior to year end and included in the physical inventory. the intangible asset accounts should be audited simultaneously with _________ ____ ___________ expense.207 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle ANSWER: 49. the sale was not recorded until the following accounting period. in this instance. Just as plant asset accounts are audited simultaneously with repairs expense. was not recorded until the following accounting period. ANSWER: VOUCHING 53. Although goods were shipped prior to year end.

_____4. Trace to final inventory listings on final audit E. the auditor should them on a test basis. D. _____6. and perform inventory turnover tests as part of analytical procedures H. CONFIRMATION 208 To gain assurance as to proper valuation of accruals. Vouch debits to property. bonuses. ANSWER: 56. Physically inspect intangible assets K. pensions. ANSWER: RECALCULATE (RECOMPUTE) MATCHING: 57. Note inventory condition during observation of the physical inventory. A. _____2. Examine paid and unpaid invoices for a short period following the balance sheet date C. Inspect major additions on a test basis B. Verify existence of inventories in distant warehouses Determine that inventories are owned by the client Verify existence of recorded plant asset acquisitions Determine that ordinary repairs have not been improperly capitalized Verify existence of recorded intangible assets Ascertain whether recorded intangible assets possess . both used and unused.Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle 55. The letter of audit inquiry to the client's legal counsel is a form of . plant. Match each of the listed objectives with the auditing procedure that best meets the objective. Relate intangible assets to revenue produced by them I. _____3. Vouch additions to intangible asset accounts J. profit-sharing. and vacation pay F. Test inventory for proper cutoff G. Confirm inventories in public warehouses and goods out on consignment. Control auditor’s copies of inventory tags and account for all tag numbers. and equipment accounts _____1. Recompute liabilities for product warranty. _____5.

The company took a physical inventory as of December 31. 3. 2002 and adjusted its perpetual records to agree with the physical inventory.100. by debiting “Computers” and crediting “Cost of Goods Sold.000 3.000 1/2-12/31/02 COST OF GOODS SOLD-COMPUTERS Debits Credits .209 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure future economic benefit Cycle _____7. 10. 2. _____8. _____9. manufactures and sells personal computers through various retail distributors. 4. Compact Computers.000 Credits 3. 9.” The following is a summary of postings to the “Computers” and “Cost of Goods Sold” accounts: COMPUTERS Debits 1/2/02 Balance 1/2-12/31/02 12/31/02 AJE 145. Determine that all significant liabilities are reflected on the balance sheet Determine the reasonableness of management’s estimates relating to accrued liabilities Evaluate ending inventory balances for possible obsolescence Verify that client has not added nonexistent inventory after the physical inventory has been completed SOLUTION: 1. Inc. 8.000. _____10. 5. 7. 6. C F A K I H B E G D PROBLEM/ESSAY: 58.000 120.

3. (2) Sales Returns and Allowances 63. Compact manufactured 200 computers to order under a private label for Rears & Sawbuck.000. The sale was recorded in 2003. The computers were excluded from Compact’s 12/31/02 physical inventory and were received by Max Depot on 1/3/03. Although the computers were on Compact’s railroad siding on December 31. Included in 2002 sales were 200 computers sold to Max Depot on 12/31/02 and shipped FOB shipping point.Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle 210 1/2/02-12/31/02 3.O. the computers should be fully saleable again. shipping point. SOLUTION: a. Tracy Jordan obtained the following additional information: 1.000 . 2.900 each. b. With minor rework. In auditing the finished goods inventory.100 each. Enroute to Compact Computers on 12/31/02 were 30 computers sold to Circuit Town in November and found to be defective. The reimbursable freight charges paid by Circuit Town were $620. Title to goods passed on 12/31/02 inasmuch as freight terms were F. The computers were completed on 12/28/02 and were placed in the loading area awaiting pickup by Rears & Sawbuck’s truck. Compact Computers pays for freight charges on all returns. REQUIRED: a. and the computers were included in the 12/31/02 inventory. Calculate the corrected amount of Compact’s 12/31/02 inventory of computers. The selling price of the computers was $1. they were not included in the 12/31/02 physical inventory and the return was not recorded until 1/02/03. Sales properly recorded and goods properly excluded from ending inventory. The selling price was $1. Draft necessary audit adjustments based on the above information.000 120.000 AJE 12/31/02 Compact sells all computers at cost plus 30% of cost.800 per computer.B. (1) No adjustment necessary. The computers were originally sold to Circuit Town for $2.

154 ======== 59.000 Audit adjustment (2) 48. b. 292.500 Prepaid Insurance 14.308 Corrected balance in “Computers” inventory account 12/31/00: Balance per general ledger $500. Genstone Pools Sells in-ground swimming pools and hot tubs.000 Sales To record 2002 sale to Rears and Sawbuck erroneously recorded in 2003 Cost of Goods Sold Inventory of Computers To relieve inventory for sale of computers to Rears & Sawbuck.000 Tub Inventory 43. the close of Gemstone’s fiscal year: 9/30/00 Pool Inventory 86.200 Acounts Payable 74.308 380. shipped by Acquatic on 9/29/00 FOB destination.211 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Accounts receivable Inventory of Computers 48.462 Audit adjustment (3) (292.000 Office Supplies 3. but for which title passed to Compact in 2002.462 Cost of Goods Sold Transportation-in 620 Freight Payable To record return of computers not received until 2003.462 620 Cycle (3) Accounts Receivable 380. Gemstone’s controller.000 To record the following year-end invoices from vendors: Acquatic Industries: Pools received 10/2/00. Abe Booker. $86.000 . The company also installs the pools and tubs that it sells.000 292.000 48. 63.308) 12/31/00: Audited balance $121. prepared the following adjusting journal entry at 9/30/03.

000 10/4/00 $12. Samantha Brown. examined October.000 10/8/00 $15. Pool liners shipped by vendor 9/29/00 FOB destination. Received 10/2 and excluded from 9/30 physical inventory a.400 Legal retainer for services not yet performed Vinyl. SOLUTION: a.Pool repair parts shipped to ware Supply Gemstone on 9/29 FOB shipping point. Inc. bill received in September but not recorded until October.: 43. AJE #1 .200 Liability and casualty insurance for period 10/1/03-9/30/04. Identify other audit procedures Brown whould perform to satisfy herself that all accounts payable have been recorded as of 9/30/00.500 Office supplies received in October. Liners not included in Gemstone’s 9/30/00 inventory T&L Advertising Invoice for September media advertising Clark County Fiscal year 2003 real estate Treasurer taxes. Brooks Insurance: 14. Hoskins Hard. received 10/1.Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Cycle Sudsy Tubs. 2003 vouchers and discovered the following charges: Date Recorded Amount Payee Foible & Fall Explanation 212 10/2/00 $5. b. Gemstone’s independent auditor. Inc. Record necessary audit adjustments.000 10/2/00 $36.200 10/6/00 $14. Lien date 10/1/02. Shipped by vendor 9/29/03 FOB shipping point. Peerless Office Supplies: 3.000 Hot tubs received 10/1/03.

000 Pool Inventory To reverse client adjustment recording inventory for which title did not pass until October.500 Cycle 86. AJE #2 Accounts Payable Office Supplies To decrease office supplies for October purchase. 2. Examine last year’s audit adjustment for unrecorded liabilities to locate items possibly overlooked in the current year’s audit. b.400 Accounts Payable To adjust accounts payable for fiscal 2004 vouchers pertaining to fiscal 2003. . 41. 3.000 AJE #3 Advertising Expense 12.213 Chapter 12 Substantive Audit Testing: Expenditure Accounts Payable 86. Examine unvouchered invoices not yet processed by Gemstone for additional charges pertaining to fiscal 2003.500 3.200 Real Estate Taxes 14.000 Repair Parts Inventory 15.600 Other audit procedures: 1.