Astm D 3330 (standard Test Method For Peel Adhesion Of Pressure

Designation: D 3330/D 3330M – 02 1 e Standard Test Method for Peel Adhesion of Pressure-Sensitive Tape 1 This standard is issued under the fixed designation designation D 3330 3330/D /D 3330M; the number immediately following following the design designation ation indicates the year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last reapproval. reappro val. A supersc superscript ript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval. 1 e NOTE—The US Cust Customary omary units were corrected corrected in the last sentence sentence of 6.5 in December 2003. 1. Sco Scope pe 1.5 Values stated stated in eith either er SI or inch-pound inch-pound units are to be regard reg arded ed sep separa aratel tely y as sta standa ndard. rd. The val values ues sta stated ted in eac each h system may not be exact equivalents, therefore, each system must be used independently without combining values in any way. 1.6 These tes testt me metho thods ds are int intend ended ed to rep replac lacee AFE AFERA RA 4001, EN 1939, PSTC-1, PSTC-2, PSTC-3 and PSTC-4. standard d doe doess not purport purport to add addre ress ss all of the 1.7   This standar safe sa fety ty co conc ncer erns ns,, if an anyy, as asso soci ciat ated ed wi with th it itss us use. e. It is th thee responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro priate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. 1.1 These test methods methods cover the measurement measurement of the peel adhesion of pressure-sensitive tapes. 1.1.1 1.1 .1 Test Met Method hod A giv gives es a mea measur suree of the adh adhere erence nce,, when peeled at 180° angle, to a standard steel panel or to other surface of interest for a single-coated tape. 1.1.2 Tes Testt Method B gives a measure measure of the adherence to to the backing of a single-coated tape. 1.1.3 Test Method Method C gives a measure measure of the adherence adherence of  double-coated tape to a standard steel panel or other surface of  interest. 1.1.4 Tes Testt Method D gives a measure measure of the adherence of the release liner to the adhesive of either single- or double-coated tape. 1.1.5 Test Method Method E give givess a meas measure ure of the adherence adherence of an adhesive transfer tape to a standard steel panel or other surface of interest. 1.1.6 Tes Testt Method F gives a measure of the the adherence, when peeled at 90° angle, to a standard steel panel or other surface of  interest for a single-coated tape. 1.2 The These se tes testt met method hodss pro provid videe a mea means ns of ass assess essing ing the uniformity of the adhesion of a given type of pressure-sensitive adhesive tape. The assessment may be within a roll of tape, between rolls, or between production lots. 1.3 Varia ariations tions in either the tape backing or the adhesive, adhesive, or both, affect the response. Therefore, these test methods cannot be used to pinpoint the specific cause(s) of non-uniformity. 1.4 These test methods methods may not be appropriate appropriate to test tapes having relatively stiff backings, stiff liners, or backings showing high stretch at low forces. These characteristics will result in a high variability for the test response which is not a true indication of the real nature of the adhesive bond. 2. Referenced Documents 2.1   ASTM Standards: A 666 Speci Specificati fication on for Austenitic Austenitic Stai Stainless nless Steel Steel,, Sheet Sheet,, Strip, Plate and Flat Bar 2 D 996 Te Terminology rminology of Packaging Packaging and Distribution EnvironEnvironments3 D 3715 3715/D /D 3715 3715M M Pra Practi ctice ce for Qual Quality ity Ass Assura urance nce of  Pressure-Sensitive Pressure-Sensi tive Ta Tapes pes 3 D 4332 Prac Practice tice for Condi Condition tioning ing Containers, Containers, Packa Packages ges or Packaging Components for Testing 3 D 5750 Guide for Width Width and Lengths of Pressure-Sensitive Pressure-Sensitive Tape3 E 122 Pra Practi ctice ce for Choice Choice of Sam Sample ple Size to Est Estima imate te a 4 Measure of Quality for a Lot or Process Standard:5 2.2 AFERA Standard: 4001 Self adhesive adhesive tapes – Meas Measureme urement nt of peel adhesion adhesion 2.3 European Norm:6 EN 1939 Self adhesive adhesive tapes – Measurement Measurement of peel adhesion from stainless steel or from its own backing 2  Annual Book of ASTM Standar Standards ds,, Vol 01.03.  Annual Book of ASTM Standar Standards ds,, Vol 15.09. 4  Annual Book of ASTM Standar Standards ds,, Vol 14.02. 5 Association Associa tion des Fabrica Fabricants nts Europ Européens éens de Ruban Rubanss Auto Adhesifs (AFER (AFERA), A), LAM, Laan Copes van Cattenb Cattenburch urch 79, NL-28 NL-2858 58 EW, The Hauge, Netherlands. Netherlands. 6 European Europ ean Norm, (EN); available from Comité Européen de Normali Normalisation sation (CEN), Rue de Stassart, 36, B-1050, Brussels, Belgium. 1 3 These test methods are under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-10 on Packaging and are the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D10.14 on Tape and Labels. Current edition approved Oct. 10, 2002. Published December 2002. Originally publi pu blish shed ed in 19 1976 76.. Las Lastt pre previo vious us ed editi ition on ap appr prov oved ed in 20 2000 00 as D 33 3330 30/  /  D 3330M – 00. Copyright © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States. 1 D 3330/D 3330M – 02 2.4 Pressure Sensitive Tape Council Standards: 7 PSTC-1 Peel Adhesion of Single Coated Pressure-Sensitive Tapes at 180°Angle PSTC-2 Peel Adhesion for Single Coated PressureSensitive Tapes at 90° Angle PSTC-3 Peel Adhesion of Double Coated PressureSensitive Tapes at 180° Angle PSTC-4 Adhesion to Liner of Presure-Sensitive Tapes at 180° Angle 1 e panel at 90° angle at a specified rate, during which time the force required to effect peel is measured. 5. Significance and Use 5.1 These test methods are tools for quality assurance use. Given specific pressure-sensitive tape and a requirement in terms of the minimum or maximum peel value expected for this tape, the data from the test can be used in conjunction with acceptance criteria. 5.2 Test Method A, B, C, E, or F can show the relative bond strength of a given tape to one or more surfaces (material and texture) as compared to the standard stainless steel panel. Substitution of representative samples of materials in question for the standard steel panel would suffice to do this. 5.3 Test Methods A, B, C, E or F cannot be used to compare two pressure-sensitive tapes of the same type but of different manufacture for their ability to adhere to a surface. This is because the measured peel force is not normalized for a fixed area of stress. The area under stress varies with backing stiffness and adhesive rheology (firmness). Two different tapes seldom agree in these properties. 5.4 Test Method D can show the amount of force required to remove a liner that covers the adhesive side of a tape at a specified peel rate. The force will be different at other peel rates. 5.5 These test methods may not provide design information as there is usually no direct relationship between peel adhesion and any functional requirement. 3. Terminology 3.1   Definitions—Terminology found in Terminology D 996 shall apply. 4. Summary of Test Method 4.1  Test Method A—Single-Coated Tapes, Peel Adhesion at  180° Angle—A strip of tape is applied to a standard test panel (or other surface of interest) with controlled pressure. The tape is peeled from the panel at 180° angle at a specified rate, during which time the force required to effect peel is measured. 4.2   Test Method B—Adhesion to Backing, Single-Coated  Tapes—A strip of the tape under test is applied to a rigid panel. A strip of the tape under test is applied to the backing of the first strip of tape and tested for peel adhesion as described in Test Method A. 4.3  Test Method C—Double-Coated Tapes: 4.3.1   Face Side Adhesion—The double-coated tape is adhered to a stainless steel panel (or other surface of interest), liner side up. The liner is removed and the exposed adhesive covered with a strip of 0.025-mm [0.001-in.] thick polyester film. The resulting tape is then tested as described in Test Method A. 4.3.2   Liner Side Adhesion—The face side adhesive is adhered to a 0.025-mm [0.001-in.] polyester film. The liner is removed and the tape is applied adhesive down to a stainless steel panel (or other surface of interest). Testing is conducted as described in Test Method A. 4.4 Test Method D—Adhesion to Liner —The tape is adhered to a standard steel test panel with the liner side up. The liner is peeled from the adhesive in the same manner as in peeling a single-coated tape from a standard panel as described in Test Method A. 4.5  Test Method E—Adhesion of Adhesive Transfer Tapes : 4.5.1   Face Side—The tape is adhered to a standard panel (or other surface of interest). The liner is removed and a 0.025-mm [0.001-in.] thick strip of polyester is adhered to form a film-backed strip of tape. The adhesion is measured as described in Test Method A. 4.5.2   Linear Side—The transfer tape is applied to a strip of  0.025-mm [0.001-in.] thick polyester film, the liner is removed and the resulting tape’s adhesion is measured as described in Test Method A. 4.6  Test Method F—Single-Coated Tapes, 90° Peel—A strip of tape is applied to a standard test panel (or other surface of  interest) with controlled pressure. The tape is peeled from the 6. Apparatus 6.1   Specimen Cutter 8—The specimen cutter shall hold two single-edged razor blades in parallel planes, a precise distance apart, to form a cutter of exact specimens widths. Two cutters, 12- and 24-mm [0.05- and 1-in.] cutting width, shall be available. Appropriate alternates which will not cause edge damage may be used. 9 NOTE 1—The 12-mm [0.5-in.] cutter shall consist of a 12-mm [0.5-in.] thick by 220-mm [8-in.] length aluminum bar stock 12-mm [0.05-in.] wide. The edges for about 125 mm [5 in.] from one end shall be slightly rounded to form a handle. The width of the bar for 75 mm [3 in.] from the opposite end shall be narrowed to exactly 12 mm [0.5 in.] minus the thickness of a single razor blade (one of two used as cutting edges). The razor blades shall be held in position using side plates. The end of the cutter shall be cut away at 45° angle to expose the cutting edge at one end of the blades. The edges shall be separated by 12 6  0.10 mm [0.5 in.]. The 24-mm [1-in.] cutter shall follow the same description except the bar stock  shall be 24.0 mm [1 in.] and shall be narrowed exactly 24 mm [1 in.] minus the thickness of a single razor blade. 6.2  Dispensing System—For solvents, such as a wash bottle. 6.3   Panel8—A stainless steel panel, 50 by 125 mm [2 by 5 in.] no less than 1.1 mm [0.043 in.] thickness, conforming to Type 302 or 304 of Specification A 666, having a bright 8 Available from Chemsultants International, 9349 Hamilton Dr., Mentor, OH 44061-1118, and PSTC, 400 North Michigan Ave., #2200, Chicago, IL 60611–4267. 9 These widths correspond to the primary metric (SI) units described in Guide D 5750. These so-called “modular metric” units are used throughout the world, except for Europe. If it is desirable to test slightly different widths (for example, 25 mm) of specimens than those described in 9.1, this should be noted (see 18.1.7) and calculations must also account for the difference (see 17.1). 7 Pressure Sensitive Tape Council (PSTC), 400 North Michigan Ave., #2200, Chicago, IL 60611–4267. 2 D 3330/D 3330M – 02 annealed finish. The surface roughness height shall be 50  6  25 nm [2.06   1.0 µin.] arithmetical average deviation from the mean line. Panels showing stains, discoloration, or many scratches are not acceptable. New panels should be cleaned prior to use as described in 11.1, except with ten washes of the final solvent. Between uses, the panel test surface shall be protected from scratches and contamination, and the panels stored at conditions described in Section 10. 6.4   Roller —Mechanically or hand operated. 8 6.4.1 A steel roller 85 6  2.5 mm [3.25  6  0.1 in.] in diameter and 45 6   1.5 mm [1.75 6   0.005 in.] in width, covered with rubber approximately 6 mm [0.25 in.] in thickness, having a Shore scale A durometer hardness of 80  6  5. The surface shall be a true cylinder void of any convex or concave deviations. The mass of the roller shall be 2040 6  45 g [4.5 6  0.1 lb]. 6.4.2 No part of the apparatus shall increase the mass of the roller during use. The roller shall move either mechanically or by hand at the rate of 10 6   0.5 mm/s [24 6  0.5 in./min]. A mechanically operated roller is recommended for referee purposes. 1 e chemical Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) and consult with Environmental, Health, and Safety (EHS) professionals. 7.3   Cleaning Material—Absorbent, surgical gauze, cotton wool or tissue may be used. To be suitable, materials must be lint-free during use, absorbent, contain no additives that are soluble in the solvents listed in 7.2 and made exclusively from virgin materials. 8. Sampling 8.1  Acceptance Sampling—Sampling shall be in accordance with Practice D 3715/D 3715M. 8.2   Sampling for Other Purposes—The sampling and the number of test specimens depends on the purpose of the testing. Practice E 122 is recommended. It is common to test at least five specimens of a particular tape. Test specimens should be taken from several rolls of tape, and whenever possible, among several production runs of tape. Strong conclusions about a specific property of a tape cannot be based on tests of  a single unit (roll) of a product. 9. Test Specimen NOTE 2—A simple check to determine if the rubber surface is cylindrical is to wrap the roller in a very thin paper (onionskin) and drag it across a flat glass plate on which is placed carbon paper, face up. The carbon rubs off onto the thin paper wrapper to reveal high spots or hollows on the rubber surface. 9.1 The specimen shall be 24-mm [1-in.] wide. If the specimen is of a different width, refer to Note 4. A tolerance of 6  0.5 mm [61/64 in.] shall be allowed. The length shall be approximately 300 mm [12 in.]. 9.2 Discard at least three but no more than six outer wraps of tape from the sample roll before taking the specimens for testing. 9.3 Remove one specimen per sample roll for each test to be performed. Remove the specimen from a freely rotating roll at the rate of 500 to 750 mm/s [20 to 30 in./s]. Where width or other factors causing a high adherence to backing makes it impossible to remove the specimen at the prescribed rate, remove it at a rate as close to 500 mm/s [20 in./s] as possible. 9.4 When tape is wider than 24 mm [1 in.], specimens of the widest specified width are to be cut from the center of a strip removed from the roll in accordance with 9.3. 9.5 Apply specimen within 5 min after unwinding. 6.5   Adhesion Tester —A constant-rate-of-extension (CRE) tension tester shall be used. It is proposed to use an electronic machine taking at least one reading per mm [0.1 in.] of tape peeled. The tester shall have two clamps with centers in the same plane, parallel with the direction of the motion on the stressing clamp, and so aligned that they will hold the specimen wholly in the same plane; a means of moving the stressing clamp at a uniform rate of 5.0 6  0.2 mm/s [12  6  0.5 in./min] and a device for recording load. The instrument shall be calibrated to an accuracy of 0.5 % of full scale and the scale range used for any test shall be such that the mean test level falls within 20 to 80 % of full scale. 6.6   Fixture—90° peel for Test Method F. 8 10. Conditioning 7. Reagents and Materials 10.1 Condition the sample rolls of tape in the standard conditioning atmosphere as described in Practice D 4332 for a period of not less than 24 h. Test at these conditions. Warning—The tester should know that by prolonged handling heat is transmitted to the stainless steel test panel. Therefore, during and after application of the adhesive tape to the test panel, the panel should be handled as little as possible. 7.1  Purity of Reagents —Reagent grade chemicals should be used in all tests. Other grades may be used, provided it is first ascertained that the reagent is of sufficiently high purity to permit its use without lessening accuracy of the determination. 7.2   Solvents: 7.2.1 Any of the following solvents may be used for cleaning: 7.2.1.1 Diactone alcohol non-residual, technical grade or better, 7.2.1.2 Methanol (95 %), 7.2.1.3 Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), 7.2.1.4 n-Heptane, or 7.2.1.5 Acetone. 7.2.2 For referee testing, the final cleaning shall be with MEK or acetone. 7.2.3 Before selecting or using these solvents for cleaning test panels, be sure to read and follow all precautions on the 11. Test Method A—Single-Coated Tapes at 180° Angle 11.1 Dispense one of the solvents listed in 7.2.1 onto the panel, wiping it to dryness with fresh absorbent cleaning material. Repeat for a total of three washes with this solvent. The panel shall be allowed to dry at standard conditions for at least 10 min. If cleaned panel is not used within 10 h, it should be recleaned. NOTE   3—Discard panels showing stains, discoloration, or many scratches. Avoid contacting panel surface with fingers. During storage, panels should be protected from damage or contamination. 3 D 3330/D 3330M – 02 1 e 14. Test Method D—Adhesion to Liner of Double-Coated and Single-Coated Tapes 11.2 Remove a 300-mm [12-in.] specimen of the tape to be tested, as described in 9.3. Fold 12 mm [0.5 in.] at one end, adhesive to adhesive to form a tab. Touch other end of the specimen to an end of the test panel. Hold the other end of the specimen so that it does not make contact with the panel but is positioned loosely above it. Roll mechanically or by hand twice in each lengthwise direction, causing the roller to apply the tape to the panel. This prevents entrapment of air between the adhesive and the panel. Should this occur, discard the specimen. 14.1   Double-Coated Tapes—Follow 11.1. Apply 125 mm [5 in.] of one end of the specimen to the panel with the adhesive side (face side) down. Make four passes with the roller, twice in each direction at a rate of 10  6  0.5 mm/s [246  0.5 in./min]. Separate the liner from the tape at the free end and cut away the free tape. Do not disturb the line adhered to the tape on the panel. Double back the liner and proceed in accordance with 11.4 and 11.5. 14.2   Single-Coated Tapes—Follow 11.1. Apply a strip of  double-coated tape as wide as the specimen, the full length of  the panel. Remove the liner from the single-coated tape. Superimpose 125 mm [5 in.] of one end of the specimen, backing side down, against the double-coated tape on the panel. Make four passes with the roller, twice in each direction at a rate of 10 6   0.5 mm/s [12 6  0.5 in./min]. Separate the liner from the tape at the free end and cut away the free tape. Do not disturb the liner adhered to the tape on the panel. Double back the liner and proceed in accordance with 11.4 and 11.5. NOTE  4—Where the width of the specimen is less than 24 mm [1 in.], prior to applying test specimen, apply a strip or strips of the tape, to give an equivalent width of 24 mm [1 in.] for rolling purposes or use roller of  appropriate weight to obtain a line pressure equal to 2040 g [4.5 lb] for 24 mm [1 in.] width 6  35 %. 11.3 Individually prepare each specimen and test within 1 min. NOTE   5—Longer dwell time will give different results. Peel adhesion increases with dwell time at different rates for various tapes. A longer dwell time may be chosen purposely. 11.4 Double back the folded end of the tape at an angle of  180° and peel 25 mm [1 in.] of the tape from the panel. Clamp that end of the panel into the movable jaw of the adhesion testing machine and the free end of the tape into the other jaw. Operate the movable jaw at 5.0  6  0.2 mm/s [12  6  0.5 in./min]. 11.5 After the movable jaw is started in motion, disregard the values obtained while the first 25 mm [1 in.] of tape is mechanically peeled. Use the average force obtained during peeling of the next 50 mm [2 in.] as the adhesion value. 15. Test Method E—Adhesion of Adhesive Transfer Tapes 15.1   Face Side—Follow procedure of 11.1-11.3, then remove the liner and superimpose on the test strip a strip of  0.025-mm [0.001-in.] thick polyester film, as wide as or slightly wider than the adhesive transfer tape. Apply this film in the manner of applying described in 11.2 so that the roller makes the actual application of the film to the adhesive transfer tape. Proceed as described in 11.4 and 11.5. 15.2   Liner Side—Apply to the face side of the adhesive transfer tape a trip of 0.025-mm [0.001-in.] thick polyester film. Make two passes of the roller using a hand roller of the same size. The roller rate may be increased to 50 mm/s [2 in.]/s. Remove the liner from the tape and apply to a standard test panel as described in 11.2 and 11.3. Proceed as described in 11.4 and 11.5. 12. Test Method B—Adhesion to Backing of SingleCoated Tapes 12.1 Apply a sample of the tape under test to a rigid panel such as the standard stainless steel panel. Roll firmly. Apply a second strip of the tape to the backing of the strip on the test panel as described in 11.2 taking care to align the edges of the second specimen with those of the strip in the test panel. Complete testing as described in 11.3-11.5. NOTE  7—In spite of its apparent simplicity, the use of this test method is rather delicate and involves the use of great care in following the procedure as written to give coherent and identical results between one laboratory and another, as well as between one operator and another. 13. Test Method C—Adhesion of Double-Coated Tape 13.1   Face Side—Follow the procedure of 11.1-11.3, then remove the liner and superimpose on the test strip a strip of  0.025-mm [0.001-in.] thick polyester film, as wide as or slightly wider than the double-coated tape. Apply this film in the manner of applying the double-coated test strip to the panel so that the roller makes the actual application of the film to the double-coated tape. 16. Test Method F—Single Coated Tapes at 90° Angle 16.1 Prepare specimen for testing as described in 11.1-11.3. 16.2 Double back the folded end of the tape at a 90° angle and peel 25 mm [1 in.] of the tape from the panel. Place the panel into a fixture clamped to the moving jaw of the adhesion tester so that it will maintain a peeling angle at 90° during the peeling of the next 75 mm [3 in.] of tape and the free end of the tape into the other jaw. Operate the moving jaw at 5.0 6 0.2 mm/s [12 6   0.5 in./min]. 16.3 Proceed as described in 11.5. NOTE 6—The two passes of the roller in applying polyester film may be made using the hand roller. The rolling rate may be increased to 50 mm/s [2 in.]/s. Continue in accordance with 11.4 and 11.5. 13.2   Liner Side—Adhere the face side of the specimen to a strip of 0.025-mm [0.001-in.] thick polyester film in the manner described in 11.2 so that the roller makes actual application of the tape to the film. Trim the film to be as wide as or slightly wider than the tape. Remove the liner. Continue in accordance with 11.1-11.5. 17. Calculation 17.1 In the SI system, if observed pull value is not in Newtons (N), convert to N per 10 mm by converting the pull value to N and dividing by the width of the tape, mm, and 4 D 3330/D 3330M – 02 multiplying by 10. In the English System, if the observed value is not in ounces, convert to ounces and divide by the specimen width. 1 e considered significantly different in the 95 % probability level if the difference equals or exceeds the critical difference shown in Table 1. 18. Report TABLE 1 Critical Difference, Percent of Grand Average for the Conditions NotedA,B  18.1 Report the following information: 18.1.1 Statement that these test methods were used and indication of any deviations from the test methods as written, 18.1.2 Identification of the source of each roll of tape tested, 18.1.3 Description of any anomalous behavior during testing (such as adhesive transfer or splitting), 18.1.4 Peel adhesion value, N/10 mm to the nearest 0.1 N/10 mm [oz/in. to the nearest 1 oz/in.]. Use actual specimen width in calculations, 18.1.5 Identification of the test method used (A, B, C, D or E) and, if C or E, whether face side or liner side, 18.1.6 Dwell time, if less or greater than the standard 1 min, 18.1.7 Test specimen widths, if different from 9.1, and 18.1.8 Conditions of test, if other than 23 6  1°C [73.4 6 3.5°C] or 50 6  5 % RH. Number of Observations in Each Average Specimens of the Same Material:  1 18.8 5 14.5 10 13.9 Specimens of Different Material:  1 30.1 5 28.0 10 27.3 BetweenLaboratory Precision 19.7 15.6 15.0 42.5 29.4 29.1 30.1 28.0 27.3 31.8 29.4 29.1 The critical differences were calculated using t   = 1.960 which is based on infinite degrees of freedom. B  To convert the values of the critical differences to units of measure, multiply the average of the two specific sets of data being compared by the critical differences expressed as a decimal fraction. NOTE  9—The tabulated values of the critical differences and confidence limits should be considered to be general statements particularly with respect to between-laboratory precision. Before a meaningful statement can be made about two specific laboratories, the amount of statistical bias between them, if any, must be established with each comparison being based on recent data obtained on specimens randomly drawn from one sample of the material to be evaluated. 19.1   Summary—The difference between two single observations should not exceed 18.8 % of the average of the two observations in 95 out of 100 cases when both observations are taken by the same well-trained operator using the same piece of  test equipment and the specimens randomly drawn from the same sample of material. Larger differences may occur under all other circumstances. The true value of peel adhesion at 180° angle can only be defined in terms of a specified test method. Within this limitation, Test Methods D 3330/D 3330M has no known bias. The bias for this summary and for evaluations made under other conditions are explained in 19.2-19.5. 19.4   Confidence Limits—For components of variance reported in 19.2, single averages of observed values have the following 95 % confidence limits. See Note 9 and Table 2. 19.5   Bias—No justifiable statement can be made on the bias of Test Method D 3330/D 3330M for testing peel adhesion since the true value cannot be established by accepted referee method. NOTE 8—Of the six methods in these test methods only Test Method A was used in determining the precision. It is believed that the precision for the other test methods would be similar. It would probably not apply to Test Method C. 20. Keywords 20.1 adhesion to backing; adhesion to liner; peel adhesion at 90° angle; peel adhesion at 180° angle; pressure sensitive tape 19.2  Interlaboratory Test Data 10—An interlaboratory study was made in 1980 in which randomly drawn samples of two materials were tested in each of six laboratories. Two operators in each laboratory each tested 3 specimens from each of 3 rolls of each material. The components of variance for peel adhesion at 180° results expressed as coefficients of variation (see Note 8) and were calculated to be as follows: Single-operator component Within-Laboratory component Between-Laboratory component Replication component WithinLaboratory Precision A 19. Precision and Bias Specimens of the Same Material 4.8 % of the average 2.1 % of the average 9.0 % of the average 4.9 % of the average SingleOperator Precision TABLE 2 Width of 95 % Confidence Limits, Percent of the Grand Average for the Conditions NotedA,B  Number of Observations in Each Average Specimens of Different Material 9.7 % of the average 0 % of the average 3.7 % of the average 4.9 % of the average SingleOperator Precision Specimens of the Same Material:  1 613.3 5 610.3 10 69.8 Specimens of Different Material:  1 621.3 5 619.8 10 619.3 19.3  Critical Differences—For the components of variance reported in 19.2, two averages of observed values should be A WithinLaboratory Precision BetweenLaboratory Precision 613.9 630.0 611.0 620.8 610.6 620.6 621.3 622.5 619.8 620.8 619.3 620.6 The confidence limits are calculated using  t  = 1.960 which is based on infinite degrees of freedom. B  To convert the values of the confidence limits to units of measure, multiply the average of the specific set of data which is of interest by the confidence limits expressed as a decimal fraction. 10 Supporting data are available from ASTM headquarters. Request RR: D-1–1002. 5 D 3330/D 3330M – 02 1 e ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned  in this standard. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights, and the risk  of infringement of such rights, are entirely their own responsibility. This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years and  if not revised, either reapproved or withdrawn. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards  and should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the  responsible technical committee, which you may attend. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should  make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards, at the address shown below. This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States. Individual reprints (single or multiple copies) of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above  address or at 610-832-9585 (phone), 610-832-9555 (fax), or [email protected] (e-mail); or through the ASTM website  (www.astm.org). 6
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Designation: D 3330/D 3330M – 02e1

Standard Test Method for
1
Peel Adhesion of Pressure-Sensitive Tape
This standard is issued under the fixed designation D 3330/D 3330M; the number immediately following the designation indicates the
year of original adoption or, in the case of revision, the year of last revision. A number in parentheses indicates the year of last
reapproval. A superscript epsilon (e) indicates an editorial change since the last revision or reapproval.

e1 NOTE—The US Customary units were corrected in the last sentence of 6.5 in December 2003.

1. Scope 1.5 Values stated in either SI or inch-pound units are to be
1.1 These test methods cover the measurement of the peel regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each
adhesion of pressure-sensitive tapes. system may not be exact equivalents, therefore, each system
1.1.1 Test Method A gives a measure of the adherence, must be used independently without combining values in any
when peeled at 180° angle, to a standard steel panel or to other way.
surface of interest for a single-coated tape. 1.6 These test methods are intended to replace AFERA
1.1.2 Test Method B gives a measure of the adherence to the 4001, EN 1939, PSTC-1, PSTC-2, PSTC-3 and PSTC-4.
backing of a single-coated tape. 1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the
1.1.3 Test Method C gives a measure of the adherence of safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the
double-coated tape to a standard steel panel or other surface of responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appro-
interest. priate safety and health practices and determine the applica-
1.1.4 Test Method D gives a measure of the adherence of the bility of regulatory limitations prior to use.
release liner to the adhesive of either single- or double-coated 2. Referenced Documents
tape.
1.1.5 Test Method E gives a measure of the adherence of an 2.1 ASTM Standards:
adhesive transfer tape to a standard steel panel or other surface A 666 Specification for Austenitic Stainless Steel, Sheet,
of interest. Strip, Plate and Flat Bar2
1.1.6 Test Method F gives a measure of the adherence, when D 996 Terminology of Packaging and Distribution Environ-
peeled at 90° angle, to a standard steel panel or other surface of ments3
interest for a single-coated tape. D 3715/D 3715M Practice for Quality Assurance of
1.2 These test methods provide a means of assessing the Pressure-Sensitive Tapes3
uniformity of the adhesion of a given type of pressure-sensitive D 4332 Practice for Conditioning Containers, Packages or
adhesive tape. The assessment may be within a roll of tape, Packaging Components for Testing3
between rolls, or between production lots. D 5750 Guide for Width and Lengths of Pressure-Sensitive
1.3 Variations in either the tape backing or the adhesive, or Tape3
both, affect the response. Therefore, these test methods cannot E 122 Practice for Choice of Sample Size to Estimate a
be used to pinpoint the specific cause(s) of non-uniformity. Measure of Quality for a Lot or Process4
1.4 These test methods may not be appropriate to test tapes 2.2 AFERA Standard:5
having relatively stiff backings, stiff liners, or backings show- 4001 Self adhesive tapes – Measurement of peel adhesion
ing high stretch at low forces. These characteristics will result 2.3 European Norm:6
in a high variability for the test response which is not a true EN 1939 Self adhesive tapes – Measurement of peel adhe-
indication of the real nature of the adhesive bond. sion from stainless steel or from its own backing

2
Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 01.03.
1 3
These test methods are under the jurisdiction of ASTM Committee D-10 on Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 15.09.
4
Packaging and are the direct responsibility of Subcommittee D10.14 on Tape and Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Vol 14.02.
5
Labels. Association des Fabricants Européens de Rubans Auto Adhesifs (AFERA),
Current edition approved Oct. 10, 2002. Published December 2002. Originally LAM, Laan Copes van Cattenburch 79, NL-2858 EW, The Hauge, Netherlands.
6
published in 1976. Last previous edition approved in 2000 as D 3330/ European Norm, (EN); available from Comité Européen de Normalisation
D 3330M – 00. (CEN), Rue de Stassart, 36, B-1050, Brussels, Belgium.

Copyright © ASTM International, 100 Barr Harbor Drive, PO Box C700, West Conshohocken, PA 19428-2959, United States.

1

Given specific pressure-sensitive tape and a requirement in Sensitive Tapes at 180° Angle terms of the minimum or maximum peel value expected for PSTC-4 Adhesion to Liner of Presure-Sensitive Tapes at this tape.9 described in Test Method A. D 3330/D 3330M – 02e1 2.1 Face Side Adhesion—The double-coated tape is ad.001-in.5-in.1 mm [0. #2200.05. 9 These widths correspond to the primary metric (SI) units described in Guide D 5750. This is (or other surface of interest) with controlled pressure.5 Test Method E—Adhesion of Adhesive Transfer Tapes: cutter shall be cut away at 45° angle to expose the cutting edge at one end 4.] cutter shall follow the same description except the bar stock [0. liner side up. and PSTC.] thick polyester 6.2 Test Method B—Adhesion to Backing.] from the single-coated tape from a standard panel as described in Test opposite end shall be narrowed to exactly 12 mm [0.7) and Chicago. 50 by 125 mm [2 by 5 0. such as a wash bottle. 25 7 Pressure Sensitive Tape Council (PSTC).. single-edged razor blades in parallel planes. calculations must also account for the difference (see 17.0 mm [1 in. The liner is removed and a 0. the data from the test can be used in conjunction with 180° Angle acceptance criteria.] thick polyester film. The liner is removed and the exposed adhesive covered with a strip of 0. C. PSTC-3 Peel Adhesion of Double Coated Pressure. during which time the PSTC-1 Peel Adhesion of Single Coated Pressure-Sensitive force required to effect peel is measured. Two different tapes 4. The area under stress varies with backing which time the force required to effect peel is measured. IL 60611–4267. stiffness and adhesive rheology (firmness). E. The tape because the measured peel force is not normalized for a fixed is peeled from the panel at 180° angle at a specified rate. 90° Peel—A strip of tape is applied to a standard test panel (or other surface of 8 Available from Chemsultants International.4 Test Method D can show the amount of force required to A strip of the tape under test is applied to the backing of the remove a liner that covers the adhesive side of a tape at a first strip of tape and tested for peel adhesion as described in specified peel rate. 5. Single-Coated seldom agree in these properties. Apparatus film. hered to a 0. 400 North Michigan Ave. Summary of Test Method 5.1 Test Method A—Single-Coated Tapes.3 Test Method C—Double-Coated Tapes: 5.001-in.5 These test methods may not provide design information 4. apart.6 Test Method F—Single-Coated Tapes. thickness of a single razor blade (one of two used as cutting edges). The other surface of interest).3. #2200. to form a cutter of exact specimens widths.] cutting width.5-in.] thick strip of polyester is adhered to form a shall be 24. as there is usually no direct relationship between peel adhesion hered to a stainless steel panel (or other surface of interest).3 Test Methods A.and 1-in.05-in. The edges for about 125 mm [5 in.and 24-mm [0.1 These test methods are tools for quality assurance use. Appropriate alternates which will not cause edge steel panel (or other surface of interest). or F can show the relative bond 3.2 Linear Side—The transfer tape is applied to a strip of 6.] 4.5. during area of stress. B.001-in. The adhesion is measured as de. The edges shall be separated by 12 6 0.1 Specimen Cutter8—The specimen cutter shall hold two Method A.025-mm [0.. this should be noted (see 18. shall apply. Terminology strength of a given tape to one or more surfaces (material and 3. These so-called “modular metric” units are used throughout the world. Tapes—A strip of the tape under test is applied to a rigid panel. 2 .5 in. 4.043 in. 400 North Michigan Ave. IL 60611–4267. 4. minus the thickness of a single razor blade. rates. The width of the bar for 75 mm [3 in. mm) of specimens than those described in 9. except for Europe. The end of the 4. Two cutters.] thickness. Peel Adhesion at two pressure-sensitive tapes of the same type but of different 180° Angle—A strip of tape is applied to a standard test panel manufacture for their ability to adhere to a surface.3 Panel8—A stainless steel panel.025-mm [0. conforming to and the resulting tape’s adhesion is measured as described in Type 302 or 304 of Specification A 666.001-in.] no less than 1.1 Definitions—Terminology found in Terminology D 996 texture) as compared to the standard stainless steel panel. NOTE 1—The 12-mm [0. Significance and Use Sensitive Tapes at 90° Angle 5. The razor blades shall be held in position using side plates. E or F cannot be used to compare 4. The liner is wide.] length aluminum bar stock 12-mm [0. The liner is 12. B.2 Liner Side Adhesion—The face side adhesive is ad. The force will be different at other peel Test Method A.1. Tapes at 180°Angle PSTC-2 Peel Adhesion for Single Coated Pressure. 9349 Hamilton Dr.] minus the Method A.025-mm [0.025-mm 24-mm [1-in.] polyester film.2 Dispensing System—For solvents.] and shall be narrowed exactly 24 mm [1 in. shall be removed and the tape is applied adhesive down to a stainless available.2 Test Method A.] from one end shall be slightly peeled from the adhesive in the same manner as in peeling a rounded to form a handle.5 in. 6. Chicago. Mentor.3. and any functional requirement.] film-backed strip of tape..4 Pressure Sensitive Tape Council Standards:7 panel at 90° angle at a specified rate.] cutter shall consist of a 12-mm [0. Testing is conducted as damage may be used.] to a standard steel test panel with the liner side up.5. If it is desirable to test slightly different widths (for example. 4. 5. Substitution of representative samples of materials in question for the standard steel panel would suffice to do this. the liner is removed in. 5.1 Face Side—The tape is adhered to a standard panel (or of the blades.10 mm [0. a precise distance 4. C. 4.1. The resulting tape is then tested as described in Test 6.].1). OH interest) with controlled pressure. scribed in Test Method A. The tape is peeled from the 44061-1118.4 Test Method D—Adhesion to Liner—The tape is adhered thick by 220-mm [8-in. having a bright Test Method A.

3. it should 7. Test at these conditions.2 Discard at least three but no more than six outer wraps tension tester shall be used. or The panel shall be allowed to dry at standard conditions for at 7. discoloration.75 6 0.3 Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK). rubber approximately 6 mm [0.0 6 0.2 mm/s [12 6 0.2. the panel test surface shall be soluble in the solvents listed in 7. The carbon rubs specimen is of a different width. parallel with the direction of the motion on the performed. 6.5 mm [3. The tester shall have two clamps with centers in the 9.1 onto the 7.5 % of full scale and the scale 9. specimens of the range used for any test shall be such that the mean test level widest specified width are to be cut from the center of a strip falls within 20 to 80 % of full scale.1 Condition the sample rolls of tape in the standard 7.4. test panels. 11. approximately 300 mm [12 in.5 Apply specimen within 5 min after unwinding.2.] in width. Where width or specimen wholly in the same plane. Avoid contacting panel surface with fingers. The surface shall number of test specimens depends on the purpose of the be a true cylinder void of any convex or concave deviations.5 mm/s [24 6 0. least five specimens of a particular tape. 3 .2 Solvents: during and after application of the adhesive tape to the test 7./s] as possible.4 Roller—Mechanically or hand operated. covered with with Practice D 3715/D 3715M./min] and a device for recording load.] arithmetical average deviation from the with Environmental. materials must be prior to use as described in 11.06 1. It is proposed to use an electronic of tape from the sample roll before taking the specimens for machine taking at least one reading per mm [0. 9. contain no additives that are final solvent. The length shall be rubber surface. If the a flat glass plate on which is placed carbon paper.2.4. The instrument shall remove it at a rate as close to 500 mm/s [20 in.0 µin. except with ten washes of the lint-free during use.5 Adhesion Tester—A constant-rate-of-extension (CRE) 9.1. the final cleaning shall be with be recleaned. peeled. and whenever possible. and so aligned that they will hold the the rate of 500 to 750 mm/s [20 to 30 in. discoloration. MEK or acetone. 6. D 3330/D 3330M – 02e1 annealed finish. be calibrated to an accuracy of 0. Therefore. The roller shall move either mechanically or among several production runs of tape. testing. wiping it to dryness with fresh absorbent cleaning 7. If cleaned panel is not used within 10 h.1 in.5 impossible to remove the specimen at the prescribed rate.]. Panels showing stains. stored at conditions described in Section 10. Strong conclusions by hand at the rate of 10 6 0. having a 8.2 For referee testing.2.2 and made exclusively from protected from scratches and contamination. To be suitable.005 in.5 in. face up. Practice E 122 is recommended.2 No part of the apparatus shall increase the mass of the be taken from several rolls of tape.] of tape testing.5 mm [1.1 Purity of Reagents—Reagent grade chemicals should be conditioning atmosphere as described in Practice D 4332 for a used in all tests.1 The specimen shall be 24-mm [1-in. roller during use. material.1. or many 7.5 6 0. panel.2. A about a specific property of a tape cannot be based on tests of mechanically operated roller is recommended for referee a single unit (roll) of a product. Between uses. cotton scratches are not acceptable.] in diameter 8. New panels should be cleaned wool or tissue may be used. Test Specimen NOTE 2—A simple check to determine if the rubber surface is cylindri- cal is to wrap the roller in a very thin paper (onionskin) and drag it across 9. Test specimens should 6. 10.3 Before selecting or using these solvents for cleaning scratches.5 Acetone.2. a means of moving the other factors causing a high adherence to backing makes it stressing clamp at a uniform rate of 5. 7. refer to Note 4. Remove the specimen from a freely rotating roll at stressing clamp.] shall be allowed. NOTE 3—Discard panels showing stains. be sure to read and follow all precautions on the panels should be protected from damage or contamination. The surface roughness height shall be 50 6 25 chemical Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) and consult nm [2. heat is transmitted to the stainless steel test panel. in.1 A steel roller 85 6 2. It is common to test at The mass of the roller shall be 2040 6 45 g [4. mean line.8 9.3 Cleaning Material—Absorbent.].1 lb]./min].25 in. provided it is first period of not less than 24 h. ascertained that the reagent is of sufficiently high purity to Warning—The tester should know that by prolonged handling permit its use without lessening accuracy of the determination.1. cleaning: 7. purposes. or many 7.5 mm [61/64 in.25 6 0. absorbent.6 Fixture—90° peel for Test Method F.2 Methanol (95 %). Reagents and Materials 10.1 Diactone alcohol non-residual.2. During storage.8 8.1 Any of the following solvents may be used for panel.4 n-Heptane.1 Dispense one of the solvents listed in 7.1. removed from the roll in accordance with 9./s]. and the panels virgin materials. technical grade or 11. Other grades may be used.1.2. Sampling 6.1 Acceptance Sampling—Sampling shall be in accordance and 45 6 1.] wide. least 10 min.] in thickness. Repeat for a total of three washes with this solvent. the panel should be handled as little as possible.4 When tape is wider than 24 mm [1 in. surgical gauze. Conditioning 7. Health. 6. 7.1 in.1.3 Remove one specimen per sample roll for each test to be same plane. A tolerance off onto the thin paper wrapper to reveal high spots or hollows on the of6 0.2 Sampling for Other Purposes—The sampling and the Shore scale A durometer hardness of 80 6 5.2. Test Method A—Single-Coated Tapes at 180° Angle better. and Safety (EHS) professionals.

] width 6 35 %.5 mm/s [246 0.3. as described in 9. tester so that it will maintain a peeling angle at 90° during the NOTE 6—The two passes of the roller in applying polyester film may be peeling of the next 75 mm [3 in. makes the actual application of the film to the adhesive transfer tape. appropriate weight to obtain a line pressure equal to 2040 g [4. NOTE 5—Longer dwell time will give different results. This prevents entrapment of air between free tape.] of the tape from the panel.025-mm [0.2 Liner Side—Adhere the face side of the specimen to a 16.1-11. Apply a strip of prior to applying test specimen. Make four passes with the roller. Proceed as described second specimen with those of the strip in the test panel.4 and 11.3.5 in. 13.5. Touch other end of the 14. Clamp 15.4 and 11.5 in. increases with dwell time at different rates for various tapes.2 Double back the folded end of the tape at a 90° angle the manner of applying the double-coated test strip to the panel and peel 25 mm [1 in.] of the tape from the panel.4 and dwell time may be chosen purposely.001-in.2 so that the roller peeling of the next 50 mm [2 in. then re- Operate the movable jaw at 5.5.]/s.2 taking care to align the edges of the test panel as described in 11. Double back the liner and proceed in accordance with specimen. 14. Place the so that the roller makes the actual application of the film to the panel into a fixture clamped to the moving jaw of the adhesion double-coated tape. disregard 0.] thick polyester 12. Peel adhesion Do not disturb the liner adhered to the tape on the panel. apply a strip or strips of the tape. Proceed as described in 11. Should this occur. 15.2 Single-Coated Tapes—Follow 11.5. 11. Test Method D—Adhesion to Liner of Double-Coated tested. and 4 . to give double-coated tape as wide as the specimen.] thick polyester film in the manner described in 11. move the liner and superimpose on the test strip a strip of 11. then remove the liner and superimpose on the test strip a strip of 16. as wide as or 16.] specimen of the tape to be 14. Separate the liner from the tape at the free end and cut away the free tape.025-mm [0.] of tape is slightly wider than the adhesive transfer tape.1 Double-Coated Tapes—Follow 11.5 in.025-mm [0.3 Proceed as described in 11.5 lb] for 24 Superimpose 125 mm [5 in. at a rate of 10 6 0.2 Liner Side—Apply to the face side of the adhesive Coated Tapes transfer tape a trip of 0. strip of 0.].] of one end of the specimen. the use of this test method is rather delicate and involves the use of great care in following the 13.] at one end.4 and 11.] as the adhesion value. and Single-Coated Tapes adhesive to adhesive to form a tab. 15./min]. against the double-coated tape on the 11. value to N and dividing by the width of the tape. mm [1 in.5.] of tape and the free end of the made using the hand roller.5.3.1 Apply a sample of the tape under test to a rigid panel film. Remove the liner. Operate the moving jaw at 5.1. 13.] for rolling purposes or use roller of the panel. mm. Remove the liner from the single-coated tape.3. slightly wider than the double-coated tape. causing the roller to apply Separate the liner from the tape at the free end and cut away the the tape to the panel.4 and 11.001-in. Do not disturb the line adhered to the tape on the the adhesive and the panel. twice in each lengthwise direction. Continue in accordance with 11. Make four passes with the roller. D 3330/D 3330M – 02e1 11. Trim the film to be as wide 17.0 6 0.] thick polyester film.5 After the movable jaw is started in motion. 11.2 Remove a 300-mm [12-in. The roller rate may be increased to 50 mm/s [2 second strip of the tape to the backing of the strip on the test in.1-11. Hold the other end of the in. NOTE 7—In spite of its apparent simplicity. as wide as or the values obtained while the first 25 mm [1 in.5.001-in. Remove the liner from the tape and apply to a standard panel as described in 11. Complete testing as described in 11.001-in. Continue Newtons (N).0 6 0. NOTE 4—Where the width of the specimen is less than 24 mm [1 in.] thick polyester film. Apply 125 mm [5 specimen to an end of the test panel. Test Method B—Adhesion to Backing of Single. The rolling rate may be increased to 50 mm/s tape into the other jaw. 12. A longer Double back the liner and proceed in accordance with 11.1-11.2 so that the roller makes actual 17.5 in.2 [2 in. convert to N per 10 mm by converting the pull in accordance with 11. discard the panel.1 Face Side—Follow procedure of 11./min].1-11.]/s. Roll mechanically or by hand in each direction at a rate of 10 6 0. Make two passes of the roller using a hand roller of the such as the standard stainless steel panel.1./min]. backing side down. Use the average force obtained during the manner of applying described in 11.2 mm/s [12 6 0.3 Individually prepare each specimen and test within 1 panel. Fold 12 mm [0. in 11. Calculation application of the tape to the film.4 Double back the folded end of the tape at an angle of 180° and peel 25 mm [1 in./min]. Apply a same size.3-11. as well as between one operator and another.3. if observed pull value is not in as or slightly wider than the tape. Test Method C—Adhesion of Double-Coated Tape procedure as written to give coherent and identical results between one laboratory and another.2 and 11.025-mm [0. 11.] of one end of the specimen to the panel with the adhesive specimen so that it does not make contact with the panel but is side (face side) down.5 mm/s [12 6 0. Apply this film in mechanically peeled. Roll firmly.5.1 Face Side—Follow the procedure of 11. Test Method E—Adhesion of Adhesive Transfer that end of the panel into the movable jaw of the adhesion Tapes testing machine and the free end of the tape into the other jaw.5 in.5. twice positioned loosely above it.1 Prepare specimen for testing as described in 11. twice in each direction min. the full length of an equivalent width of 24 mm [1 in. Apply this film in 16. Test Method F—Single Coated Tapes at 90° Angle 0.1 In the SI system. mm/s [12 6 0.

multiply the 18.0 28.5 15.0 % of the average 3.1 % of the average 0 % of the average 10 69.0 29. and To convert the values of the critical differences to units of measure. In the English System. C.7 % of the average 5 610.1.6 620. Within.1.8 % of the average of the two respect to between-laboratory precision.3 622.4 Confidence Limits—For components of variance re- all other circumstances.7 42. adhesion to liner. in Table 1. pressure sensitive tape was made in 1980 in which randomly drawn samples of two materials were tested in each of six laboratories. A The critical differences were calculated using t = 1. multiply the 10 Supporting data are available from ASTM headquarters.1 Statement that these test methods were used and Number of Single.3 620. the amount of statistical bias observations in 95 out of 100 cases when both observations are between them.8 Conditions of test. Percent of Grand Average for the 18.1.9 15.9 % of the average 1 621. B. D or 10 27.1 10 13. D 3330/D 3330M – 02e1 multiplying by 10.3 611. 18. limits should be considered to be general statements particularly with vations should not exceed 18. Specimens of the Same Material: ing (such as adhesive transfer or splitting).2 Identification of the source of each roll of tape tested.5 5 14.8 19. Report TABLE 1 Critical Difference.1 Report the following information: Conditions NotedA. See Note 9 and Table 2. 19.B 18. to the nearest 1 oz/in. Observations in Operator Laboratory Laboratory 18.1 Summary—The difference between two single obser.5°C] or 50 6 5 % RH.6 Dwell time. expressed as a decimal fraction. following 95 % confidence limits. Between- indication of any deviations from the test methods as written.8 % of the average 9. if other than 23 6 1°C [73.1.6 Between-Laboratory component 9.960 which is based on infinite degrees of freedom.5 5 619.2-19.3 27.2. if less or greater than the standard 1 min.8 5 28. It is believed that the precision for the other test methods would be similar. Between- Observations in Operator Laboratory Laboratory 8) and were calculated to be as follows: Each Average Precision Precision Precision Specimens of the Specimens of Specimens of the Same Material: Same Material Different Material 1 613. Test Methods D 3330/D 3330M has no 19.8 619.8 Within-Laboratory component 2.4 6 average of the two specific sets of data being compared by the critical differences expressed as a decimal fraction.1.0 29.5 Identification of the test method used (A.1 30.1 E) and. if any. Request RR: average of the specific set of data which is of interest by the confidence limits D-1–1002. The true value of peel adhesion at 180° ported in 19.1. if the observed value considered significantly different in the 95 % probability level is not in ounces.1 31.8 620.1 N/10 mm [oz/in. since the true value cannot be established by accepted referee NOTE 8—Of the six methods in these test methods only Test Method A method.B of each material.6 29.9 % of the average 4. 20. Precision and Bias NOTE 9—The tabulated values of the critical differences and confidence 19.0 620.1. peel adhesion at 19. if C or E.5.9 630.3 Description of any anomalous behavior during test.4 Peel adhesion value.0 Single-operator component 4. convert to ounces and divide by the specimen if the difference equals or exceeds the critical difference shown width. whether face side or liner side. peel adhesion at 180° angle.3 Critical Differences—For the components of variance 10 619.4 18.1 adhesion to backing. The components of variance for peel adhesion at 180° results expressed as coefficients of variation (see Note Number of Single. B 18. if different from 9.3 613.7 % of the average Specimens of Different Material: Replication component 4.1. single averages of observed values have the angle can only be defined in terms of a specified test method.1. must be established with each comparison being taken by the same well-trained operator using the same piece of based on recent data obtained on specimens randomly drawn from one test equipment and the specimens randomly drawn from the sample of the material to be evaluated. B To convert the values of the confidence limits to units of measure. N/10 mm to the nearest 0. Two operators in each laboratory each tested 3 specimens from each of 3 rolls TABLE 2 Width of 95 % Confidence Limits.5 Bias—No justifiable statement can be made on the bias known bias.]. 1 30. two averages of observed values should be A The confidence limits are calculated using t = 1. The bias for this summary and for evaluations of Test Method D 3330/D 3330M for testing peel adhesion made under other conditions are explained in 19. It would probably not apply to 20. same sample of material. was used in determining the precision.7 Test specimen widths. Larger differences may occur under 19. Use actual specimen Specimens of Different Material: width in calculations. Keywords Test Method C. Within this limitation.6 reported in 19. 3.4 18. Before a meaningful statement can be made about two specific laboratories. infinite degrees of freedom.8 610.3 29. 1 18.8 19.2 Interlaboratory Test Data10—An interlaboratory study 90° angle. 5 .3 621.960 which is based on 18.2. Percent of the Grand Average for the Conditions NotedA. Within. Each Average Precision Precision Precision 18.3 619.

astm.org (e-mail). either reapproved or withdrawn. 100 Barr Harbor Drive. which you may attend. Users of this standard are expressly advised that determination of the validity of any such patent rights. This standard is copyrighted by ASTM International. 6 . PO Box C700. This standard is subject to revision at any time by the responsible technical committee and must be reviewed every five years and if not revised. and the risk of infringement of such rights. Individual reprints (single or multiple copies) of this standard may be obtained by contacting ASTM at the above address or at 610-832-9585 (phone). Your comments will receive careful consideration at a meeting of the responsible technical committee. PA 19428-2959. Your comments are invited either for revision of this standard or for additional standards and should be addressed to ASTM International Headquarters. D 3330/D 3330M – 02e1 ASTM International takes no position respecting the validity of any patent rights asserted in connection with any item mentioned in this standard. at the address shown below. United States. or through the ASTM website (www. If you feel that your comments have not received a fair hearing you should make your views known to the ASTM Committee on Standards. 610-832-9555 (fax). are entirely their own responsibility.org). West Conshohocken. or [email protected]